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Arrhythmia: types, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

  • atrial is its most common type, when the heart beats spasmodically and faster than the norm,
  • supraventricular - a condition caused by an episodic increase in resting heart rate,
  • bradycardia - slowing the rhythm,
  • heart block - a condition in which the heart muscle slows down or stops transmitting an impulse,
  • ventricular fibrillation is a rare, fast and disorganized heartbeat rhythm that quickly leads to loss of consciousness and sudden death.
Arrhythmias can be affected by all age groups. Drinking alcohol or being overweight increases the likelihood of developing a pathology. The risk of developing an ailment increases if a person has experienced a heart attack or heart failure.

Atrial fibrillation is a common cause of stroke, the presence of the disease means that the risk of developing pathology increases five times.

Classic triggers for arrhythmia are viral diseases, alcohol, tobacco, changes in posture, excessive exercise, caffeinated drinks, and some prescribed or illegal drugs.


The most effective way to diagnose the disease is to record the ECG heart rate electronically. If the ECG does not detect a problem, you may need further heart monitoring. It involves wearing a small portable device for 24 hours or longer. This is called ambulatory ECG monitoring.

If problems are caused by physical activity, heart rate recording on a treadmill or exercise bike may be necessary.