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Work in the USA

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The United States is a prosperous and economically stable country: it is not surprising that many Russians would like to go there for permanent residence or in order to earn money. However, this is far from simple: a language barrier stands in the way, the need to obtain a visa and a diploma, and of course, finding a suitable employer. Nevertheless, it is possible to get a job in America if one sets a goal and how to study this issue. Below you can find the basic rules for those wishing to find a job in the USA, as well as a list of professions in demand in this country.

Who has the right to legally work in the USA

It is very difficult to get a job in America without official permission, and even if successful, there is always the risk of being cheated by employers. The disadvantages of illegal employment include the lack of social guarantees. Foreign citizens have the right to work in the following situations:

  • temporary employees who have arrived in the country at the invitation of a specific organization and with an officially issued work visa,
  • foreigners permanently and legally residing in the country (for example, having a residence permit),
  • students who have been granted work permits in the United States by their school.

And the following categories of citizens are prohibited from working in America:

  • tourists, i.e. those who are in the country on a tourist visa,
  • those who do not have any documents permitting entry into the state.

Work as a programmer in the USA

The states are very popular with IT professionals due to the demand for the profession and the large number of leading companies whose business is related to information technology: Google, Microsoft, Facebook, Apple, etc.

Of course, getting into such a corporation is very difficult, and this is due to the huge competition and high requirements put forward to applicants. But the level of salaries corresponds to them:

  • Apple developers get an average of 120 thousand dollars a year,
  • Intel employees - about 100 thousand,
  • programmers from Google - a maximum of 126 thousand.

For programmers working in smaller and more well-known companies, the prices are slightly lower:

  • California's experienced Java / J2EE developer earns $ 40-70 an hour,
  • Senior IOS Developer’s bid in a major city, such as San Francisco, reaches $ 90 per hour,
  • A PHP developer with 7 years of experience and knowledge of common frameworks and technologies can count on 100 thousand dollars a year.

Of course, for a programmer to work, you must be fluent in English, have the proper level of necessary skills and experience. It is better to look for work as an IT specialist via the Internet and come at the invitation of the employer, after agreeing with him and applying for a work visa.

Work as a doctor in the USA

Doctors in America earn more than company executives. Anesthetists, surgeons, general practitioners, dentists, gynecologists and psychiatrists are most in demand in the United States. The salary level of these specialists averages 170-200 thousand dollars a year.

However, graduates of Russian medical universities to get a job in the USA will not work right away. A license is required for employment, and in order to obtain it, you need to confirm the level of knowledge by passing several tests and a practical exam.

First of all, you need to make sure that the graduated medical university is included in the list of educational institutions whose diplomas can be confirmed in the United States. If so, then we can move on to a rather complicated (and costly) scheme for obtaining an American license - more on that below.

So, to confirm your medical diploma and get the right to work as a doctor in America, you must:

  1. Register on the ECFMG website (educational commission for foreign students of medical universities). Application for participation in exams to confirm the diploma will cost $ 65.
  2. Send the commission a package of necessary documents (diploma of an educational institution translated into English, questionnaires, photos),
  3. Register for the first exam, come to the country and pass it. The exam is called USMLE, the first part is called Step1 Basic Science and is devoted to the theoretical foundations of the sciences needed by the future doctor: physiology, anatomy, microbiology, pharmacology, embryology, etc. Testing is carried out on a computer for 8 hours (intermittently). The price of participation in the first stage is about $ 900.
  4. Take Step 2 of the USMLE exam, or rather, its first, theoretical part, devoted to clinical subjects - pathology, physiology, microbiology, genetics, pharmacology, etc. This exam is also held in computer testing format with 400 questions. Of course, all material is checked in English. The cost of participating in the testing is the same as in the first stage - about $ 900.
  5. Next, you need to pass the third, final, practical exam, called Clinical Skills. The role of patients in it are hired "actors." The future doctor will need to communicate with patients, examine them and make diagnoses. One such “reception” is allotted for about half an hour. The cost of participation is $ 1,500.
  6. In case of successful completion of all stages of the exam, future doctors take part in the Match distribution program, undergo interviews in the desired hospitals and conclude a residency agreement with employers.
  7. Residency (in fact, internship under the supervision of an experienced doctor) lasts 3-5 years. The salary of a trainee doctor is 40-50 thousand dollars a year.
  8. After the residency, the doctor passes another exam and receives a license. After that, he has the right to stay in the same clinic, open a private practice or look for another job.

You can prepare for exams yourself, using special textbooks and videos. Fluent in English at the proper level, you can learn each discipline in a month, plus another two months to repeat. There are special courses in the States to prepare for these exams.

Work as a trucker in the USA

At the moment, the popularity of land freight is not weakening in the state, and therefore truckers are in demand. Due to the constant stay away from home, the profession is not successful with young people, so the average American trucker is over 40 years old.

As for the salary, its level varies greatly (30000-90000 dollars per year) and depends on the load and the distance traveled, as well as the company in which the trucker works.

To get this position in America, you need to get the right to drive trucks. This can be done in the department of vehicles, pre-registering for an exam to obtain ordinary rights via the Internet. Traffic regulations in the USA are much simpler than in Russia. When passing the exam, driving experience does not matter.

Then you can take on the rights of the CDL-class, giving the opportunity to drive freight vehicles. In some states, this can be done only after a year from the receipt of the usual rights to a car.

How to get driving license

  1. The first stage is a written theoretical test in any department of the department. If the exam is successful, a special document is issued to the driver.
  2. The second step is to take trucking courses at a specialized educational institution. The cost of such a service is about $ 1,500.
  3. With a document on the completion of the theoretical part and a certificate from the truckers' school, you need to come to the department again and get the right to drive trucks.

You can find a trucker through the school or by direct invitation from the employer. This profession is in great demand in the USA, and transport companies themselves send requests to educational institutions. Sometimes employers even pay most of the amount for training - however, in this case, you need to be prepared for a reduced rate in the initial period of work.

Nanny job in USA

In America, for a month of work as a nanny, you can get from $ 1,500. Payment is hourly, additional pocket money is usually issued for expenses for a child. As a rule, Russian-speaking nannies are in demand in the families of immigrants and immigrants from Russia. The advantage of such work is that the family often provides the nanny with housing and food - this is very important for a labor immigrant who visits the country for the first time.

Nanny duties may include:

  • classes, walks, games with children,
  • feeding and caring for children,
  • cooking and house cleaning.

As you can see, nannies in America can fulfill some of the duties of domestic workers - this is always discussed with the employer.

The nanny is required to love children, the ability to housekeeping, work experience and good knowledge of the language (unprincipled for Russian-speaking families). A big advantage will be the availability of special education, for example, pedagogical.

You can get a job as a nanny in the United States through a recruitment agency or sites where vacancies for foreign citizens are posted.

In the USA, monthly income figures are rarely used in everyday life. Most often, indicate the rate of payment per hour, or annual income. These nuances are associated with progressive taxation, ...

Labor market situation

There are enough vacancies in the country. At the same time, the unemployment rate in the labor market is only 3.9%.

This may vary by state.

Among the economically active population there are many people with higher education, although even now the states need competent personnel. The percentage of employment in services and industry is growing, while the share of employment in agriculture is declining.

Migration reform of President Trump Raise is designed to reduce the stay in the country of citizens of other countries with a low level of qualification. Only about 7% of arriving migrants have an adequate level of education and are able to fill vacancies that require professional skills.

Work searches

The easiest way to find a job in America is if someone from your friends or relatives is already working in the States. Even despite the tightening of migration rules, in this way you can find work that does not require specialization, at least in order to somehow gain a foothold in the country.

It is somewhat more difficult to look for work through specialized sites. There are a lot of them, the vacancies are offered a wide variety, from cleaners to professions that require special education and skills. But the fact is that most often they are looking for a person with an already open visa, not every employer is ready to engage in official employment.

Most popular self-search sites:

A lot of work is offered for freelancers, but here you need to be extremely attentive to customers. Cases are common when they simply don’t pay for the work done. Now a law has been passed obliging us to pay for the order either before it is ready, or after 30 days from the date of execution, however, it only works in New York so far.

Popular sites for remote work:

Vacancies are also advertised in local newspapers, such as the New York Times, Washington Post, USA Today. There are also Russian-language newspapers, such as AiF.America, Russian Bazaar and others.

It is convenient to look for work through recruiting agencies, it is better to choose those that require payment only after employment. There are many scammers in this market sector, therefore, before concluding an agreement, check the license.

An equally effective way is to find work on local ads. Often a novice job seeker is helped by local Russian communities. They can also issue their own print media.

You can also contact the Department of Labor, which can assist in finding employment or offer a training program. It is possible to find work through exchange programs, for example, Work & Travel and Au Pair.

Salary

Remuneration is mainly calculated by the hour. There is an “Act of Fair Labor Standards", which indicates the minimum hourly wage, today - 7.25 USD per hour. Moreover, in different states, this figure is different.

It is somewhat more difficult to look for work through specialized sites. There are a lot of them, the vacancies are offered a wide variety, from cleaners to professions that require special education and skills. But the fact is that most often they are looking for a person with an already open visa, not every employer is ready to engage in official employment.

Most popular self-search sites:

A lot of work is offered for freelancers, but here you need to be extremely attentive to customers. Cases are common when they simply don’t pay for the work done. Now a law has been passed obliging us to pay for the order either before it is ready, or after 30 days from the date of execution, however, it only works in New York so far.

Popular sites for remote work:

Vacancies are also advertised in local newspapers, such as the New York Times, Washington Post, USA Today. There are also Russian-language newspapers, such as AiF.America, Russian Bazaar and others.

It is convenient to look for work through recruiting agencies, it is better to choose those that require payment only after employment. There are many scammers in this market sector, therefore, before concluding an agreement, check the license.

An equally effective way is to find work on local ads. Often a novice job seeker is helped by local Russian communities. They can also issue their own print media.

You can also contact the Department of Labor, which can assist in finding employment or offer a training program. It is possible to find work through exchange programs, for example, Work & Travel and Au Pair.

Taxation

About a third of the salary goes to pay taxes. Moreover, in different states - different rates. Once a year, from January 1 to April 15, each US resident is required to file a tax return. To do this, you can use the IRS website, here are the forms to fill out, a calculator for calculating, changes in tax legislation.

There are simpler services, for example turbotax.com or taxact.com, on these resources the procedure for submitting a declaration is described step by step. You can also use the services of a tax consultant if the situation with paying taxes is not easy.

There are three levels of taxation:

  • federal,
  • state taxes
  • local (city, district).

At the federal level, income tax on salaries is equal for everyone; it is accrued on a progressive scale depending on income, marital status and availability of dependents.

At the same time, there are also tax deductions that a resident has the right to use.

At state level, tax rates are very different. In some states, income tax is not paid, somewhere it is paid at a fixed rate, somewhere there is also a progressive scale.

10.4% of wages are deducted to the social insurance fund. Moreover, the employee deducts 4.2%, the employer - 6.2%. If a person works for himself, he deducts the full rate. 2.9% is deducted to the medical assistance fund, this rate is divided into two equal parts between the employee and the employer.

It’s not worth delaying or paying taxes. The tax system in the United States works clearly, for late payment there is also a fine that is growing every day of the delay. The situation with the calculation of taxes in America is not easy, so they begin to teach this as a student, and the profession of a tax consultant is in demand.

Legal employment

The easiest way to find a job is for holders of a green card. It can be obtained in the following ways:

  • win the lottery,
  • marry an american
  • to reunite with family
  • to receive the status of a political refugee,
  • at the invitation of the employer.

In the latter case, an H1B work visa is first issued, after 2 years you can get a green card.

Types of work visas

For various categories of applicants, several work visa options are offered:

Type of visaFeatures
H-1BIt is issued to highly qualified specialists with a confirmed diploma and work experience of 12 years. Grants the right to receive a Green Card.
H-2bIt is issued to temporary workers (hotel, tourist business, etc.). Validity - 1 year.
H-2AIt is issued to seasonal agricultural workers.
H-3It is issued to specialists in exchange, training and continuing education programs.
L-1Issued to managers and valuable professionals.

This is not all categories of visas that give the right to work in the United States.

Documents for obtaining a visa should be for three months. The review process is not quick, and you can submit documents while in America. Upon receipt of a work visa, an obligatory step is a personal interview with a visa officer. All documents and answers to questions should be prepared carefully, avoiding inaccuracies.

The registration process is standard:

  1. Find an employer who sends an invitation to work and makes a request for permission to hire a foreigner.
  2. Apply for a visa.
  3. Complete the biometrics procedure.
  4. Enter the country no later than 10 days before the start of work.

Illegal workers face a fine, deportation, and a ban on entry into the United States from three to ten years.

Cost of living in the USA

The income level of the population in the United States is much higher than in Russia, but the cost of living in America is also high. In different states, the price level can vary greatly. So one of the most expensive recognized New York and California.

In general, budget allocation looks like this:

The most serious expense item is rental housing. Here, the cost depends on the location of the apartment or house, on the area, city, etc.

In cities popular with Russian people, the rental price is as follows:

In second place in terms of costs are food.

ProductThe average price in the countryUSDSan Francisco average priceUSDPhoenix Average Price, USD

Milk (1 L)0,831,150,54 Bread (500 g)2,593,812,33 Rice (1 kg)3,924,654 Eggs (12 pcs.)2,313,62,14 Potato (1 kg)2,473,552,2 Onion (1 kg)2,472,771,99 Apples (1 kg)4,964,332,64 Chicken Breast (1 kg)8,4712,978,87 Beef (1 kg)11,4418,112,23 Cheese (1 kg)10,6323,0110,38 Local beer (0.5 L)1,991,861,43

Other expenses are not so great. Transport costs are negligible compared to other countries. The most significant expense here is car insurance. This amount can be from 1200 USD per year, on average 1500 USD per year. Other expenses look like this:

Expense itemThe average price in the countryUSDSan Francisco average priceUSDPhoenix Average Price, USD

Public transport ticket2,252,752 Ticket708064 Gasoline, l0,720,990,77

We should not forget about utility bills. A one-room apartment will require per month from 110 dollars for light, water, sewer and heat supply. Internet and mobile communications will cost an average of about $ 100.

$ 200 will be required to pay for health insurance.

The smallest part of the cost is clothing and shoes. In the USA there are a lot of chain stores where you can buy standard clothes very inexpensively. Brand things are, of course, expensive, but there are sales on which you can actually buy something much cheaper.

There is no concept of a minimum living wage at the legislative level, there is only the concept of a consumer basket, but this indicator does not affect anything. A young couple without children in an average city for a comfortable stay will require an amount of $ 2,800 to $ 3,000 per month (excluding force majeure).

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