Many people think about how to grow a plum from a stone. It is quite possible, but you will have to try hard. It is required to choose the right planting material, prepare it. Soils, watering, top dressing, lighting, air temperature and other indicators are very important, which you also need to pay attention to when growing plums. But in general, even for beginner gardeners, this task will not be difficult.
To plant a plum at home, you must definitely pick a variety.
The most popular are:
- 1. The President. Productivity is high. Culture is unpretentious - it grows under any conditions. The plant is partially self-fertile.
- 2. General. It has a delicate taste. Trees are small, frost-resistant.
- 3. Morning. In this variety, the fruits are yellow with a green tint, slightly acidic, juicy.
- 4. Nenko. Productivity is high. The tree is medium in size, the crown is pyramidal. It has resistance to frost, so that it can be grown in the country in the northern regions.
- 5. Alyonushka. Crohn has the shape of a ball. Leaves are similar to peach. The fruits are large and sweet. The pulp is poorly separated from the bone.
- 6. Romain. This is a red plum.
- 7. Chemalskaya. The first fruits can be harvested already 3 years after planting the crop in open ground, as the tree is developing rapidly. The variety is non-self-fertile.
- 8. Blue Suite. Ripening period is average. Crohn is small.
- 9. Egg. It has resistance to frost, unpretentiousness. The fruits are egg-shaped. Their color is purple.
- 10. Cretaceous white. It will take pollination. The fruits are very sweet. The tree reaches a height of 5 m.
- 11. The red ball. In height, usually up to 2.5 m. Plums are large, round, red.
As for the varieties that can be used when growing plums from seed, the opinion of professional gardeners was divided. Some believe that in this way all varieties of plum can be propagated. Others think that it is better to choose only those varieties that are suitable for a particular region. This is especially true of the northern regions. For such an area, you need to choose only those varieties that are frost-resistant. Otherwise, the seeds will simply freeze. But in any case, you can get a tree with fruits from small seeds.
If you plant a stone from the fruits of trees of thermophilic varieties, then, most likely, a wild plum (wild) will grow. In the middle lane, it is recommended to plant Minsk, Belorussian, Late Vitebsk, and the beauty of the Volga. For the harsh continental climate Morning, Eurasia, Egg Blue is perfect. In warm regions, you can grow a variety of Kuban comet, Victoria, Kroman.
It is usually claimed that the plum that is grown from the seed will not bear fruit, but experienced breeders get the tree in this way, and with good characteristics. It is only necessary to choose the right planting material and follow all the rules of planting. Usually fruiting in plums that were grown from seed begins 5-6 years after planting in open ground.
In order to properly germinate the plum bone, you must follow the step by step instructions. It is as follows:
- 1. Choose the right planting material. Be sure to pay attention to the origin of the product. Imported plums will definitely not work. It is best to purchase soft and ripe plums in the local market. In this case, the percentage of survival will be much higher. The pulp must be separated from the bone. Rinse the latter in clean water, put in a dry and sunny place. After a few days, the bone will dry out. From it you need to get the core, that is, the seed. You can use nutcrackers for this. It is necessary to act very carefully so as not to crush the seed. Next, you need to check the seeds for suitability. They must be placed in a glass of water at room temperature. Soothers will remain on the surface, and suitable seeds will sink to the bottom.
- 2. Stratify. This implies keeping the seeds in a moist and cool place. This will provoke the germ to germinate. The shell will burst, so that he will have access to the light. As a substrate, you can use lowland peat, perlite, vermiculite, river sand of a large fraction, sawdust, crushed moss. The material must be processed in a solution of potassium permanganate (you will need 5 g of substance per 1 liter of water) and pour it with water. Before placing the seeds in a pot with such a substrate, they are supposed to keep them for 3 days in water, but fill them only half the height. Change the water every day. Then you need to put the seeds in the soil and cover the container with plastic wrap. First you need to keep the container for a month at a temperature of 15-20 0 C, then cool to 1-5 0 C (2-2.5 months), and then lower the temperature even further - to 0 0 C (keep it like this for a month). Periodically it is necessary to water the soil.
- 3. Prepare a container and soil for planting seeds. The pot should be up to 20 cm in diameter. Sand, charcoal, expanded clay or broken brick should be poured into it as drainage. The layer in thickness should be 2-5 cm. Pour the substrate into the container. It should be a mixture of vermiculite, peat or leafy earth, humus. Take all components in equal parts. You can add a little perlite to the soil. The substrate is supposed to water abundantly.
- 4. Place a seed in the center of the pot and deepen by 5 cm.
- 5. Cover the container with plastic wrap and place in a warm place.
Periodically, you need to water and ventilate the substrate. Usually a sprout appears after 1.5 months.
Seedlings must be properly looked after:
- 1. Lighting. It is better to place the container on the windowsill from the southwest side. If the room is darkened, then you need to use an additional fluorescent lamp for illumination.
- 2. Microclimate. The temperature in the room should be 20-25 0 C. It is necessary to monitor air humidity. If necessary, the space around the sprouts should be irrigated with spray water.
- 3. Watering. It should be plentiful, but rare. It is enough to moisten the soil 2 times a week. The fluid temperature should be at room temperature.
- 4. Feeding. From the moment the first sprouts appear, and until the end of the growing season, this procedure is required to be carried out 3 times. For this it is necessary to use fertilizers containing a large amount of nitrogen. It will take 30 g of ammonium nitrate per 10 l of water. One plant requires 100 ml of this solution.
- 5. The pick. Before the formation of 2 true leaves, you need to pinch a third of the length of the roots. This activates the growth of the root system, makes it stronger and more branched. After this, the plants need to be transplanted into new soil, water.
So that the seedlings do not run wild, they are supposed to be transplanted into a new soil mixture every 3 months.
How to choose a variety for planting?
It is important to understand that not every plum is suitable for seed reproduction. Sometimes the main factor in choosing a variety for planting becomes the area where the tree will grow. It is better to give preference to "local" plums, as they are more likely to sprout. The most popular varieties are:
Often there are situations when a seed has been planted, it has sprouted, a seedling has been planted in the open ground, fruits have been expected, and they are sour, although the original variety is sweet and juicy. The reason for this was cross-pollination. Insects, pollinating flowers, added pollen of other varieties, which suppressed the weak maternal signs of the source tree, and a wild bird with acidic and tasteless fruits grew.
The following varieties are more suitable for growing plum from stone in central Russia:
These varieties have not only strong maternal traits, but also good resistance to low temperatures.
For those places where spring and summer are warm, such varieties are suitable:
Important! Only ripe fruits are suitable for growing plums from the seed, since it is they who form a full-fledged, strong germ, from which a good tree can grow. It is also better to immediately prepare several seeds, since there is too much chance that the seed does not germinate.
Stratification is the first and most important preparatory stage, on which it depends on whether the planted seed will germinate. © https://ydoo.info/qa/kak-vyrastit-slivu-iz-kostochki.html The essence of the process is that planting material must be kept in cool and humid conditions.
When germinating a plum from a stone, it is important to follow the step-by-step instructions and follow all the rules:
- After choosing a variety, free the bone from the pulp. Next, you need to prepare the cotton fabric. It must be cut into small pieces into which the seed should fit. Each selected bone must be wrapped individually in a tissue, folded into one container and moistened.
- The container with coiled bones must be put in the cellar, refrigerator or summer kitchen. The lower the temperature, the better.
- Bones and tissue should always be wet. To do this, they must be regularly watered with a pipette.
Now we have to wait for the seed to sprout. Usually the process takes 6 months, but it can be accelerated. For example, the bone and tissue into which it will be wrapped can be treated with growth stimulants (Epin or EcoSil).
If mold appears on the cloth, then the bone should be removed immediately and washed under running water, and then rewound into the cotton fabric.
There is another option for stratification. The seed can be sprouted not only in the tissue. You can use chopped moss, sawdust, sand, peat.
The process of germination in the substrate occurs a little differently:
- First you need to put the bones in the water for three days. Planting material must be completely immersed in the liquid. Soaking softens the shell of the bone, and also leaches inhibitors that prevent the seed from germinating.
- While the bone is in the water, you can prepare the container and soil. The soil must be moistened and treated with a solution of potassium and water (in a proportion of 5 grams per 1 liter, respectively). In the pot where the seed will grow, you need to make side holes. They are needed for good air circulation.
- The bones must be placed in the ground so that they do not touch each other.
- The containers should be covered with transparent polyethylene or glass.
Now you need to provide the seeds with optimal conditions for germination. The most important thing is the correct temperature, and there are certain stages:
- Heating up. The first 15 days, the bones must be stored at a temperature of +15. +20 degrees.
- Cooling. On the 16th day, the temperature should be reduced to +1. +5 degrees. Under such conditions, the bone is stored for 60 to 80 days.
- Presowing. Before planting seeds in open ground, the temperature is reduced to 0 or -1.
Watch for soil moisture. It should not dry out. But if mold appears on the substrate, then the soil should be sprayed with a 3% potassium solution.
Germination in the substrate is a longer procedure, but it is considered more successful. If everything is done correctly, then the chances of a healthy and strong tree appear several times. The first sign that the bone is ready for planting will be a cracked shell.
How to grow young seedlings?
After successful stratification, the next stage begins - the cultivation of young seedlings. Where to plant young seedlings: in open ground or in a pot? It all depends on the climate. If it is already warm on the street and the soil has warmed up well, then you can go to the cottage and plant the seedling immediately in the usual place. But it is worth considering that such a sharp change in climate can be detrimental to the seedling. Therefore, it is better to plant a seed in a pot and sprout at home, and when the tree is strong, it can be transplanted into the open ground.
To germinate the plum seed at home, you need to choose a container. The diameter of the pot should be at least 20 centimeters so that the sprout is not crowded in it. It is also necessary to make sure that there are drainage holes below that will remove excess moisture. The container must be disinfected with a weak solution of manganese, and lay a layer of expanded clay on the bottom. Now we need to prepare the substrate. Plum stone loves light soil, which allows moisture and air to pass through well. You can mix humus, leafy earth and vermiculite in equal proportions. It also does not hurt to add perlite (0.5 part of the total mass of the substrate) - a natural volcanic rock, which contributes to the rapid germination of seeds.
Prepare the mixture to fill the pot. The substrate should be well moistened. A seed is planted in the center of the container and buried by 5 centimeters in the ground. Now you need to cover the pot with transparent polyethylene or glass to create a greenhouse effect. The capacity is placed on the windowsill, where there is enough sunlight. Now it remains only to wait for the germ to appear. Usually the seed germinates after 30-40 days. Throughout the entire time it is necessary to ventilate the greenhouse daily, since condensation must not be allowed. In addition, regular air baths will help the plant get used to the environment.
Creating optimal conditions will help to achieve a good result. Try to control:
- Watering. Water the plant should be plentiful, but infrequently. Enough 1-2 times a week. You can not water the bone in the usual way, it is better to use a spray or syringe. Water should be warm and settled.
- Lighting and temperature. There should be enough light. If the room where the seedlings stand is dark, then you need to use special fluorescent lamps. For the seedling to sprout, you need a temperature of +25 degrees.
- Fertilizer. The first top dressing can be done only after the appearance of sprouts. While the seedling will grow, you need to add two more fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers. 100 milliliters of solution are consumed per seedling.
When the first two leaves appear, you should pinch the plant 1/3. This procedure activates the growth of the root system. If several seeds were planted in one container, then after the appearance of the leaves, a pick should be carried out. Seedlings are planted in separate containers, watered abundantly and put for several days in a dark place.
In order not to get a wild tree, the fruits of which will be dry and tasteless, seedlings should be planted every three months in new soil. It is important to change the capacity itself, increasing its size each time. It is possible to plant a young tree in open ground not earlier than in one year.
Transplanting seedlings in open ground
To transplant a seedling in open ground, you need to prepare the soil. If planting seedlings is planned in the spring, then the soil must be dug up in the fall. During the winter, the soil will rest, settle and become saturated with meltwater. In the event that there will be an autumn landing, it is necessary to prepare the soil at the beginning of summer. Fertilizers must be applied to the soil:
- compost (6 kilograms per 1 meter),
- superphosphate (60 grams per 1 meter),
- potassium salt (30 grams per 1 meter).
Now you need to dig a hole, the depth of which should be 60 centimeters and a width of 100 centimeters. Since the young seedling is still weak and can not withstand strong wind or rain, at a distance of 30 centimeters from the center of the recess, you need to put a stick to which you should then attach the young tree.
To fill the pit, you will need two buckets of manure, 2 buckets of sand, 30 grams of superphosphate and 20 grams of potassium sulfate. All components are mixed and poured into the prepared area. From the soil mixture it is necessary to form a hill on which the seedling should be placed.The roots of a young tree must be leveled over the entire surface. By adjusting the height of the planting, you must try to keep the root neck 5 centimeters above the soil level. When filling up a hole, it is important to avoid voids, since the drain does not like them. The soil around the tree must be tamped, watered, and the tree itself tied to a stick. The trunk circle should be sprinkled with sawdust.
Plum care after planting
Now that the seedlings are grown and planted in the open ground, you can relax a bit. Plum care after planting is not as painstaking as at the stage of seed germination. The first two years the tree does not need any fertilizer. Quite enough of those that were added during landing. The soil around the tree should be loosened periodically. But this must be done very carefully, as you can injure the roots. You should also be careful with the bark. If damaged, the young plum may die. When the first shoot near the root appears, it should be removed, as it will take strength and nutrients from the tree. At this stage, it is important to first strengthen the root system.
It is necessary to water the tree as the soil dries. The frequency of irrigation is largely dependent on climatic conditions. If it’s hot and dry, then you need to water the tree more often, and if it’s cool and wet, less often.
The first wintering for a tree is a test. After all the leaves fall off, you need to collect the plum branches and secure. The ground around the tree must be insulated with mulch and covered with spruce branches. This will not only keep warm, but also save the tree from the attack of rodents, which attack young trees in the first frosts.
Do not rely on harvesting in a year. First, the tree must take root well and survive several winters. In the best case, it will be possible to harvest only after 5-6 years. The number of fruits and their quality will depend on how well they care for the plum.
It is difficult, but possible, to grow a plum from a bone. To achieve good results, you must clearly follow all the recommendations. If the first landings were unsuccessful, do not get upset. You should stock up on planting material and try again. Persistence and proper care will help to achieve the desired result.
What caused the interest?
Surprisingly, many summer residents are wondering how to grow a plum from a stone. Why are they interested in this particular tree?
This desire is due to several reasons:
- Plum easily adapts to our climate. However, she is not "capricious." Even minimal care is enough to make an amazing tree delight with a delicious and plentiful harvest.
- In addition, it should be said about the benefits of fruits for the human body. The concentration of nutrients in the sink is quite high. According to their content, the tree takes an honorable second place, second only to raspberries.
- Plum is widely used in a wide variety of dishes. Juicy fruits become the basis of wonderful sauces. Delicious desserts are prepared from them. Plums are used to make compotes, jellies, juices, jams. In addition, delicious fruits are one of the favorite treats of children.
Such factors make people look for ways to grow a plum from a stone.
If you are seriously determined to grow a plum from the seeds (the photo shows a beautiful tree that you can get), there are a few points to consider.
One of them is the right choice of variety. The tree from which you take the seed must necessarily grow in your climate zone. Only in this case, the seedling will be able to please you with wonderful fruits.
If the parent tree grows in a warm climate, it is difficult to count on the success of the venture. Most often, a "wild" grows from such planting material. But even if this does not happen, the drain will “freeze”. So, a beautiful plentiful harvest can not be seen. Therefore, we will consider what varieties are better to use so that a plum from stone appears in your garden.
The following varieties can be grown in the middle lane:
- "Late Vitebsk",
- "Volga beauty".
In a sharply continental climate and arid regions, varieties are well established:
For warm areas suitable views:
Is it possible to grow a plum from a stone?
This question is often asked by beginner gardeners. Sometimes such a dilemma also arises before experienced professionals. Indeed, from time to time there is a desire to plant a completely different variety from those that are on the site.
Initially, we note that there are 3 ways to get a tree:
- Propagation by green cuttings.
- Using root processes.
- You can grow a plum from a stone.
The last method is of most interest. However, before considering this method, you should learn about some features:
- The landing process is quite laborious. He will require a lot of patience from you.
- Not every tree grown from seed will bear fruit.
- Sometimes plums taste different from their "parent."
However, do not rush to despair. Is it possible to grow a plum from a stone, which will have excellent characteristics? Experienced breeders say yes. After all, it is from the seeds that new varieties are derived. And maybe it is you who will be the second Michurin.
As you can see, a drain from the stone may well appear on your site. At home, even beginner gardeners can grow a tree at home.
It is only necessary to listen to the advice of experienced professionals:
- Planting material should be taken from ripe juicy plums.
- It is best to take a few seeds. Since in the first year some seedlings can not withstand frosts and die.
- It is recommended to plant a seedling initially at home - in a pot. And only in the fall to transfer it to the open ground. Such conditions will provide a high probability that the seedling will take root and begin to bear fruit.
Now we will consider how to grow a plum from a stone. Initially, planting material must be prepared.
This procedure is as follows:
- Each bone should be wrapped in a piece of moist tissue.
- Put such "seeds" in a cold place. Use a cellar or basement. Excellent conditions can be provided even in an ordinary refrigerator. Wrapped bones are placed on shelves or in boxes intended for vegetables. The lower the temperature, the more likely that the planting material will sprout. This is how the necessary stratification process is carried out. Or, in other words, a natural cold treatment that allows you to trigger the plant’s growth mechanism.
- The fabric in which you wrapped the bones must be constantly moist. In no case should it dry out. Therefore, it must be periodically moistened.
- In this state, planting material should remain for about six months. As a rule, this is the period from October to March.
- For better germination, special stimulants can be used. Fertilizers: Ecosil, Epin, Zircon are excellent for this procedure. It is poured with a stimulator both "clothes" and a stone. Use fertilizers according to the instructions.
Planting in a pot
Having considered the initial stage, which allows us to understand how to grow a plum from a stone, we move on to the next.
Now your planting material needs such events:
- Around February-March, you will notice changes in the state of the "seeds." The bones will swell, their protective cover will crack. This is evidence that the preparatory phase was carried out correctly.
- Such bones are ready for landing. However, do not rush to plant them in open ground. It is recommended to sprout seedlings at home. For these purposes, an ordinary flower pot is suitable.
- Landing of the bone occurs in moist soil. Be sure to provide care for the seedling during germination. Plum needs watering, top dressing. Be sure to monitor the condition of the seedling and remove pests in a timely manner.
It should be noted that the tree does not need special conditions. If you provide him with the same care as any houseplant, the plum will quickly please its sprouts.
Transplant to the ground
If you have provided proper care for growing plants, then by the fall of your seeds small seedlings will form. They can already be planted on the site.
Dig a small hole. It is recommended to add compost and sand to it. The future tree is planted in such soil.
Insist that the cultivation process takes approximately 4 years. And the tree will please the fruits only after 5-6 years. Initially, the plums will be quite small. However, year after year, their size will increase.
The second option for growing seedlings
If you are confused by such a long process, it can be significantly accelerated.
Let's consider another method, how to grow a plum from a stone at home:
- Initially prepare the ground. You will need the same parts of perlite and sand. They must be mixed. By the way, perlite is a natural volcanic rock that has a beneficial effect on plant growth.
- Now let's do a bone. Take a hammer and hit it. However, calculate the strength correctly. The stone should crack slightly, and not turn into fragments. This process allows you to disrupt the dream in which the seed resides. And therefore, the time has come for the seed to germinate.
- Plant the cracked seed in the prepared soil to a depth of 6-9 cm.
- The soil must be constantly moistened. However, you should not fill it. Since the abundant moisture drain can not stand.
Thinking about how to grow a tree from a plum bone, it is necessary to take into account several more important points:
- It is best to plant a seedling on a small hill. Plum is a lover of sunlight. Therefore, to get a wonderful harvest, provide her with a bright area.
- It is recommended to plant trees along the fence. Like many plants, plums do not like drafts. It is along the fence or shed that it is easier to find windless places.
- For plums, northern areas are preferred. Since it is on them that the snow lingers longer.
Now let's talk about the soil.
Gardeners, explaining how to grow a plum from a stone, are advised to adhere to the rules:
- The tree grows best in soil enriched with moisture. Therefore, if your area is prone to drought, be sure to ensure timely watering.
- Plum loves light loamy soil, which contains lime, calcium.
- Clay should be added to soil excessively enriched with sand. This will create the necessary soil for plum.
- Heavy clay soil is diluted with sand and peat.
Third landing method
Experienced gardeners do not use long preparatory stages. They plant bones directly in the open ground.
However, seed with this approach needs protection. Therefore, around the landing lay mouse poison. After all, rodents are very fond of germinated seeds.
Unfortunately, weather conditions cannot be predicted. And, therefore, there is no guarantee that seedlings will appear in the spring. Sometimes the first sprouts germinate from the seeds after 1.5 years.