Our tips will help you calm your child and ease his pain. This does not mean at all that on the first attempt you will learn to deal with colic, but patience and experience will help to understand what suits and helps your baby.
- Swaddle the baby into a large thin diaper (ask your nurse or pediatrician to show how to do it right), this will make him feel safe.
- Take the baby in your arms, hold it on the left side (this improves the digestive system) or press it against your stomach. At the same time, gently stroke the back. But remember, to put a child to sleep in his crib is necessary only on his back.
- Turn on the so-called "White noise". Uniform, monotonous sounds, for example, the humming of a fan, humidifier, the noise of air bubbles from the compressor in an aquarium, recording sounds of a heartbeat, etc. help the child calm down - they are similar to the sounds that he heard while in the womb of his mother.
- Wear your baby in a special carrier, sling or just download it. This will “remind” him of the rhythmic swinging movements in the womb.
- Do not overfeed the child, it can cause colic. Remember that at least 2-2 ½ hours must elapse between feedings.
- Offer your baby a pacifierif the feeding time has not yet arrived. Many babies calm down when sucking.
- Change your diet, it can also reduce colic.
- If the baby is breastfeedingTry changing your diet. Reduce dairy and caffeine. Observe the child’s reaction: if he doesn’t become calmer after the changes, return to your normal diet. The exclusion of spices or products causing increased gas formation (cabbage, onions, etc.) helped some nursing mothers, but so far this has not been scientifically proven.
- If the baby is breast-fed, discuss with the pediatrician the feasibility of changing the mixture. In some cases this helps.
- Keep a diary of the baby. Write down everything: how much he is awake, sleeping, eating, crying. Pay attention to how long he was at the chest, if immediately after he was very restless. Observe and analyze what crying is associated with - feeding, sleeping? Discuss the situation with the pediatrician.
- Limit your daytime sleep up to 3 hours a day. At night, if you are feeding a baby or changing diapers for him, try to do it in a calm environment - do not turn on bright lights and noise sources (for example, a TV).
Important Information for Moms and Dads
If you feel that you are on the verge of a nervous breakdown and can start screaming or crying, put your child in a crib or other safe place and take a break. Ask a family member or friend to look after the child for a moment. You need time for yourself, at least an hour to relax and gain strength. Remember: NEVER shake a child.
Put the baby in the crib for 10 or 15 minutes. Make sure that everything is in order with the child, that he is not hungry, has not burped, and has a dry diaper. If he continues to cry, there is nothing wrong with that. Sometimes you and your child need some rest.
If you are depressed and find it difficult to cope with your emotions, be sure to consult a doctor!
What to do when a baby has colic
If your baby does not seem to respond to any reassurance, he may have colic. But don’t worry! Read these tips, which will tell you what to do with a baby with colic, help you calm the baby and even ensure silence in the house!
For babies up to 3 months, it’s normal to cry loudly, especially from 6 pm until midnight. If your usual methods, such as feeding, changing clothes, swaddling, and rocking do not stop your baby's cry, your baby may be among those 20 percent of children who are cramped.
What are colic?
When they say that the baby has colic, it is understood that he cries a lot and it is difficult to calm him down. Children with colic behave uneasily, but at the same time gain weight and generally develop normally. If you are concerned about colic in your child, consult your doctor to make sure that there is no illness.
How to understand that a child has colic?
1. The baby cries a lot, from 3 to 5 hours a day. Between periods of crying, he is calm.
2. Crying is predictable, every day happens at about the same time. More often this happens in the afternoon, in the late afternoon.
3. The baby can be tormented by gases. At the same time, he raises or stretches the legs.
How to help baby with colic
There are different ways to calm a child with colic:
1. Swaddle the child - so he will feel safe.
2. Put the baby on his left side or on his tummy, rub his back. If he begins to fall asleep, be sure to turn him over on his back.
3. Remind the baby how comfortable and safe it was in the womb. To do this, use soothing sounds: recording a heartbeat, the noise of a fan (or hairdryer, vacuum cleaner, hood, washing machine), the white noise of the TV.
4. Imitation of the womb will also help recreate the sling. With it, hold the child close to you, walk and gently rock. Search the Internet for slings such as scarves and backpacks. You can make a sling scarf with your own hands, there are a lot of instructions on the net.
5. Try not to overfeed the child, maintaining an interval between feedings of 2-2.5 hours.
Reasons for baby crying: checklist
A child may cry not only because of colic. Be convinced of it, having studied all possible reasons of crying:
Make sure that the intervals between feedings are appropriate for the baby's age and not be too long. The first signs of hunger - the baby pulls his hands in his mouth and licks his lips.
The child should be dressed in as many layers of clothing as you yourself.
3. Check the diaper
It is probably dirty or wet. Especially in the first months of life, diapers get dirty very quickly, a diaper change may be required 10-12 times a day.
Babies are sometimes uneasy after feeding due to a condition called gastroesophageal reflux (GER), or more simply, they just need to burp.
Measure the temperature, and if it rises, call a doctor.
The kid has not slept or has too many impressions in a short period of time.
Try entertaining your baby with a game, song, or walk.
Causes of colic in newborns
How to understand that a baby has colic? Your child cries a lot, and you begin to notice it between the second and fourth week, the cry intensifies, but does not subside during the day, and the child probably lets out gases and twists its legs, bending and straightening them. Doctors do not know exactly why this arises, here are just some of the possible factors that cause severe colic in an infant:
- Immature nervous system
- Problems with inner comfort
- A medical problem, such as a hernia,
- Something in your diet irritates the tummy (if the baby is breastfeeding).
How to calm a baby with colic
Perhaps the worst thing about childhood colic is that it is impossible to comfort a child. But this does not mean that you cannot try! Here are a few tactics that can calm a baby with colic:
- Shake it. Swinging or placing the child in a swing with a noise source in the background, for example, with a vacuum cleaner or hairdryer, a measured movement calms, which will help the baby from colic.
- Walk in carrying. Like a swing, this movement is calming, and being close to you can also help your child feel better.
- Swaddle the baby. Wrap the baby in a large, thin blanket. This will help him feel warm, comfortable and safe.
- Give him a pacifier. This does not always help, but some sucking calms.
- Rub the back. Place your child’s tummy down on his knees and gently rub his back with his fingers, which can release some of the pressure in the stomach.
- Check your diet. If you are breastfeeding, some foods in your diet may cause discomfort for your baby. Dairy products, caffeine, cabbage and onions are potential criminals, so try to eliminate them one at a time to find out which one is the real culprit.
And do not lose hope! You will not believe it now, but childhood cramps do not last forever. By the time your child reaches the 4-month mark, his colic is likely to have passed - and you will all be happier!
Causes of colic in newborns
To determine that your crumbs have colic, and not just crying, by its behavior. With colic, the baby’s crying intensifies even after the traditional methods of sedation did not give the expected result. In addition, the newborn bangs his legs, maybe lets out gas, in the baby’s belly you can hear grumbling. In this case, the usual methods that help to calm the child during colic do not help.
Pediatricians still do not know exactly what causes colic in newborns. Possible causes may include:
- irritation of the belly of the crumbs, due to an unbalanced diet,
- when breastfeeding, the baby’s mother could eat something unacceptable,
- the nervous system of the child is not sufficiently developed
- problems with inner comfort
- medical problems.
However, there is a way out to alleviate the discomfort of the crumbs and to calm the newborn with colic, it is enough to adhere to a few simple recommendations.
How to reassure a child during colic - basic techniques
While parents are trying to calm the newborn with colic, it seems to mothers and fathers that nothing can please their baby. Do not despair, here are the main tactics that you should definitely try:
- Rocking. Put the baby in the cradle or crib with the transverse pendulum mechanism and rock it a bit. It will also be good to turn on some kind of “white noise” in the background. The sound of a vacuum cleaner or drying may be suitable for this.
- Swaddle the baby. For this, a large thin blanket or a special diaper with Velcro can be suitable. The main thing is that your child should feel warm and comfortable.
- Give the baby a pacifier. Many babies are calmed by a pacifier soother, perhaps your child is no exception?
- Stroke the baby back. For this newborn, you need to carefully place the tummy on your lap and gently pat the baby’s back. Perhaps it will be possible to save the child from excessive pressure of gas in the intestines and, as a result, colic.
- Carry the newborn in your arms. Mom’s warmth will help get rid of colic, and so that her back does not get tired - you can put the little one in a sling.
- Put the baby in the carrier and take a walk with it. The measured movements during your walk can calm the newborn.
- Check the diet. If the baby is breastfed, then a possible reason for his discomfort with colic is the poor nutrition of his mother. The culprits of colic may be cabbage, onions, dairy products and coffee. To find out which product is the main “villain”, exclude all of the above, one at a time for a couple of days, and you will know for sure what to eat, you should definitely not.
All of these tricks are likely to help calm the baby during colic. And when the baby is 4 months old, the problem will most likely end by itself and the parents will be able to breathe quietly for a while.