How to determine that a cut watermelon has deteriorated, disappeared, sour, is not suitable for eating, can not it be eaten?
If you cut a watermelon, the pulp of a good watermelon will be moderately crispy and dense, juicy and with lots of juice. If the watermelon has deteriorated, the pulp will be separated from the seeds, there will be almost no juice, the pulp will generally look like a cobweb, it will not smell very appetizing, you can immediately guess, inside the watermelon it will be soft and friable, and not juicy, the skin will also be softer than usual.
Just be careful with such watermelons, you can easily get poisoned, do not buy watermelons from roadside dealers, there are most likely nitrates in watermelons and lead, we cannot know for sure.
The rules for choosing watermelon
First of all, it is important to pay attention to the tail of the watermelon, the drier it is, the better the product. After all, through it, the berry receives nutrients and vitamins. If the tail is green, then the watermelon was removed early, preventing it from naturally ripening. The pulp in this case may be unripe or watery.
Knocking on a watermelon is not a topic for jokes, but a really effective way to check the berry for maturity. He must be deaf. You can also lightly press the skin with a fingernail, it will not work to pierce a ripe watermelon.
There are often spots on watermelons, if they are white, then the berry has not yet ripened, and if yellow, then at the very time. To choose a sweet and juicy product, you need to focus on the following nuances:
- The peel is smooth, the strips are clear and contrasting,
- Watermelon season - mid-August, early September,
- The pulp is granular (when cut), but not fibrous, which indicates the overripe fruit.
You should not buy a watermelon, which has dents and other types of damage. This is the first source for bacteria to enter the berry.
The amount of nitrates
So that watermelon does not become a source of poisoning, it is important to pay attention to the amount of nitrates in the product. External signs:
- The flesh of the watermelon is bright red, sometimes purple or brown,
- The surface when cutting is glossy, but should be with grains,
- Yellow fibers coming from the core, although they should be white,
- If you throw a piece of pulp into a glass, then the water with a high-quality product will simply cloud, and with a high nitrate content it will turn pink.
You can look at the berry externally, the strips should be uniform, without breaks. You should also beware of large fruits, unnatural sizes, which should immediately alert when buying.
Signs of a spoiled product
The first sign of a spoiled product is an unpleasant odor with sourness, this can be preceded by a long lying of the berry on its side or the constant presence of juice on a watermelon (in a plate).
Spoiled fruit is soft and lethargic to the touch, there may be dents and damage. Juice of a light shade, less concentrated. When cut, the watermelon should not be loose or too fibrous. This is a low-quality product.
Important! At the slightest suspicion of a spoiled product, do not double-check it, but rather throw it away right away in order to avoid health complications!
Eating and storing watermelon
Before use, it must be thoroughly washed under running water, store cut watermelon only in the refrigerator. The flesh of the fetus is the purest, and therefore it is worth offering to the child.
A whole watermelon retains its nutrients for 3 months, and a cut fruit should not be kept for more than 3 days.
Store the product in a cool, dark place, for example, in a cellar, laying straw or hay under the berry. It is important that the products do not touch each other. Periodically, it is worth checking and turning the watermelons from side to side.
For the preparation of cocktails or other dishes, the berry can be frozen, cut into slices, peeled from skins and seeds. Lay cubes on a baking sheet, freeze, and then pour into a container and remove to a prepared place. Defrosting a watermelon is best in vivo.
Attention! For those who want to surprise guests with a watermelon on New Year's Eve, you need to buy a watermelon weighing no more than 4 kg, with a yellow spot on its side. Wash, dry, and then hang in a grid in a cool place.
It is not recommended to buy a watermelon on the road, as the berry peel “breathes”, and therefore very quickly the flesh is accumulated by harmful car emissions. And it is unlikely that sellers have the necessary product certificates.
Watermelon is a juicy, tasty and nutritious berry suitable for children and adults. It is important not to ignore the tips on purchasing a product, and then the pleasant aromas of summer and a vitamin cocktail are guaranteed.
The most valuable thing in a watermelon is folic acid, which is actively involved in blood circulation and affects the chemical balance of the body.
Another useful property of watermelon is the presence of lycopene, a carotenoid pigment responsible for the rich red color of the fruit. Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that helps prevent the formation of cancer cells.
The high content of vitamin C in watermelons helps prevent the formation of sclerotic plaques, improves the elasticity of the heart vessels and thus strengthens the heart. All these factors have a preventive effect on the work of the cardiovascular system.
To whom are watermelons contraindicated?
Meanwhile, watermelon is contraindicated in some ailments. So, it should not be used by diabetics, because it has a high sugar content.
Since watermelon can provoke flatulence, intestinal colic and an increase in blood pressure, it is undesirable to eat it in large quantities for people suffering from gastrointestinal tract problems and hypertension. Doctors advise such patients to eat watermelon only in small doses and always separately from other foods.
It is better not to give watermelons to children under three years old - at this age, the digestive system is very sensitive to any kind of toxins.
5 signs of a dangerous watermelon
If a watermelon was grown in compliance with all the rules and properly stored, it will be completely safe for health. But recently, they are increasingly "fed" with nitrates. Especially dangerous in this regard are the early watermelons, which are sold in June and July. They are given injections of nitrate to mature quickly.
As a result of improper storage in a watermelon, pathogens can accumulate. After all, the pulp of watermelon contains a large amount of easily digestible sugar, and this is an excellent breeding ground for them.
Identify nitrate watermelon the taste and the eyes are quite difficult. But there are certain signs, knowing which, you can increase your chances of winning in this berry lottery.
Too red the color of the pulp of watermelon and the yellow-orange veins in it also serve as a warning. Take the next test.
Put a small piece of scarlet wedges in a glass of warm boiled water. If the water does not just become cloudy, but turns pink, and the flesh falls apart - throw away such an acquisition without regret.
And know the measure. A couple of pieces - and enough. Especially for children who do not need much for poisoning. A dose of 400-500 milligrams of nitrates per day is dangerous for adults. For severe poisoning a small child is enough 40-50 milligrams.
In cut watermelons, bacteria multiply rapidly. To protect yourself from acute intestinal infection, store the fruits only in the refrigerator, covered with cling film. And for a very short time, no more than 12 hours.
Signs of Watermelon Poisoning
If after consuming a watermelon you suddenly felt badly, you need to call an ambulance, since watermelon poisoning is one of the most dangerous. Signs of poisoning usually appear 2-6 hours after eating watermelon.
These include: nausea, pain and abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, weakness, headache. These are the main signs. But with severe watermelon poisoning, the condition can also be aggravated by blue lips: nitrites interfere with the transfer of oxygen by the blood and the processes of tissue respiration.
In case of watermelon poisoning, you should immediately rinse your stomach, take enterosorbent. Drink as much as possible. This will not only protect the body from dehydration, but also help eliminate toxins.
And you should not take painkillers and antidiarrheal drugs, this is dangerous: they mask the true state of the body and prevent the removal of toxins from the intestine.
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