Useful Tips

How to grow lobsters at home?


Lobsters are large marine crustaceans that are currently considered a delicacy. They can reach a length of 80 cm and weigh up to 20 kg. Most often in restaurants you can find individuals with a length of 20-30 cm. Another name for these creatures is lobsters. In Russia, they can be called both this and that. Their meat is highly regarded throughout the world. Usually these giants are caught in the seas and transported to processing sites. But modern restaurants require fresh raw materials. Therefore, very often the source of lobster for such restaurants is home crustacean farms.

So, further we will tell you how to create such a farm yourself.

Features of the behavior of lobsters

Since large crayfish are lone predators, they are characterized by cannibalism. The strong eats the weak. This is especially pronounced when young lobsters, recently born, and already large individuals, live in one closed territory. That is why we recommend preparing two tanks: for parents and for their children.

We note one more nuance: lobsters can compete for territory, so several aquariums may also be needed for adults.

Features of the aquarium for lobsters

Note the most important characteristics of the aquarium and the water in it, which should be paid attention to when growing crustaceans:

  • Tank volume
  • Bottom material
  • Physicochemical parameters of water,
  • Water purification and filtration,
  • Lack of other living creatures (even coral).

The volume of the aquarium usually should not be less than one hundred liters.

Lobsters dig holes, so the bottom must be loose so that the invertebrate can equip itself with a "house".

Crustaceans love clean water. Any contamination or change in the pH of the water will lead to diseases: impaired molt or death of the lobster. Water purification should be carried out by special devices. You understand that simply pouring old water and pouring new is not enough. Therefore, it is necessary that the aquarium is serviced by specialists. This will make life easier for you and your crustaceans.

Lobsters are very aggressive, so even corals attack. Make sure that there are no other living organisms in the aquarium except a small number of algae.

Pitfalls in growing crustaceans

Like any livestock breeding business, lobster breeding is financially costly.

The main difficulty is that lobsters have long reached puberty. It will take more than one year until you can achieve the first offspring. And therefore - be patient and follow the previously planned plan.

When you start making a profit, things will go much better. It will be possible to think about expansion: the creation of artificial reservoirs. But for now, train in aquariums. Big business starts with small.

Where to buy specialized lobster aquariums

The best lobster aquarium is the one created specifically for them. You can find such aquariums at Aqua-store. Our experts know everything that crustaceans need for a happy life.

Aqua-store company offers you not only aquariums, but also everything for further breeding of lobsters. In addition, we are engaged in the maintenance of aquariums and the supply of consumables in the after-warranty period on very favorable terms.

While you are in business, we care about your lobsters!

Exotic fish in solid aquariums,
spectacular bubble designs
with bright illumination - status decorations
for your interiors.

And getting them is very easy at the Aqua Store!

Breeding lobsters at home

Every year, more and more restaurants include such a delicacy as lobster on the menu, so the demand for it is growing steadily. Why not start earning on this? Organizing breeding lobsters at home is difficult, but still possible. To do this, create the right conditions and find customers.

Organize a suitable pond

You can use for breeding artificially created pond or natural. Moreover, the presence of running water is not necessary at all, the main thing is that the lobsters have the opportunity to equip themselves with a suitable habitat, burrows. Ideally, if the bottom is made of stone, if we are talking about a natural body of water, an earthen mound is suitable. In this case, the lobster will be much easier to move along the bottom.

Some try to use the aquarium for breeding. Of course, lobsters will live there, but it is unlikely that they will grow and multiply on an industrial scale. Therefore, if you want to organize a profitable business, you should think about creating a special reservoir that will provide sufficient productivity. In addition, aquarium breeding causes much more trouble with feeding and cleaning, it is especially difficult to protect the younger generation from cannibalism on the part of adults.

Will the pool fit

Another suitable option would be an indoor pool, in which all suitable conditions are created for the life and development of this species of crustacean. In this case, you can engage in breeding all year round, the lobsters will not hibernate, they will constantly eat and increase in size.

But one pool (or large capacity) may not be enough, so you should consider organizing several. In this case, you can increase your income at times. But immediately note that raising lobsters at home is not a quick process, so you won’t have to wait for a huge profit for the first year or two.

The depth of the reservoir should be at least 2 meters, while the area is at least 40-50 square meters. meters. You can even dig it out manually, but if you can rent an excavator, it will greatly simplify the task. For the successful business of water bodies, at least 4 will be required. The bottom must be equipped with gravel and sand, and a net should be installed in the water body itself. It is also necessary to constantly monitor the composition of water and, if necessary, purify it.

Challenges of doing business

Since the lobster develops rather slowly, and before one individual grows and enters puberty, at least 5 years must pass, few people are in a hurry to do this business. It is much easier to organize their capture off the coast of Norway or in the Mediterranean Sea.

But if there is a desire to do just this type of activity, you need to responsibly approach the conditions for keeping lobsters, monitor the composition, quality and quantity of water, and regularly clean. Water renewal should be approximately 30 percent. Lobsters will need their own microclimate.

This type of crustacean is quite whimsical in food and they will have to organize a special diet. For industrial purposes, special feeds are sold that help to increase the weight of one individual in the shortest possible time (which is only possible).

Preservation of offspring

Even if adult individuals were acquired for breeding, it will be very difficult to keep offspring from cannibalism. To do this, they need to organize special meals. Therefore, many recommend keeping the nursery with small individuals separate from the reservoir in which adult individuals grow. Until they grow up, more than one year will pass.

Food should be given as food, in this matter it is better to refrain from experiments and not to use dubious mixtures. Nutrition for lobsters should be as balanced as possible, for this, fiber, protein, calcium should be in the composition. In the diet of adults, you can see such ingredients:

  • Crude fat
  • Crude protein
  • Minced fish
  • Bread,
  • Fish flour,
  • Calcium in the form of chalk,
  • Invertebrates
  • Small crustaceans.

How to succeed in business

Since it is quite difficult to succeed on lobsters alone, you can think about parallel breeding of other types of crustaceans that grow faster, and which you can sell all year round (under conditions of indoor swimming pool). A suitable choice would be, for example, Australian cancer. This species is the fattest, but it can only be bred in covered ponds. It’s not whimsical in food and eats almost everything the same as lobster. Blue or marble crayfish will also be a great choice.

It is important to choose the right kind of lobster for breeding, because some grow a little faster, some slower. The most popular varieties of lobster are Norwegian and American.

The cost of organizing a business

The most expensive expense item in this business will be the organization of a reservoir for breeding lobster. The fact is that this crustacean is quite whimsical to the composition of the water and its purity. In addition, protective measures are required for the pond against freezing. Special protection requires its lower layers.

So, in general, you will need:

  • Ponds or tanks for breeding of sufficient size,
  • Aerators for oxygen supply,
  • Cleaning devices
  • Measuring instruments for studying the state of water,
  • Compound feed with stock,
  • Clear breeding technology.

Every year, expenses will be felt less and less, and with the start of sales of adults, they will cease to be a burden at all.

Thus, breeding lobsters is a rather long process that requires organization costs and the right approach to business. But if you look at the future, this business is clearly among the most profitable and profitable.

We recommend that you familiarize yourself with:

Find a suitable place. To create a prosperous lobster farm, you need the space to build several feeding troughs - underwater plantations. Important elements of the farm are: clean water, without pollution and waste, flat terrain for installing feeders. It is also important to free up enough space for lobsters. Lobsters can feed on each other while they are forming a shell, if they feel that the feeder is too tight. Make sure that the place allows you to place a sufficient number of feeders so as not to overfill the surrounding space of the lobsters.

Set the feeders. Provide lobsters with a good living environment by installing several clean feeders on the farm. They will not only attract lobsters to the farm, but also protect them from predators from the outside world and from each other. Put the troughs right up and down in even rows so that the lobsters will be able to freely get to them.

Provide good filtration. To protect lobsters from diseases that can spread rapidly throughout the farm, clean the water. The best way to prevent disease is to clean waste from feeders. An automatic filtration system ensures regular waste treatment. The bio-filtration system will leave the waste in the water, but converts it into less toxic nitrates, which are not harmful to lobsters.

Buy the larvae. You can find suppliers of lobster larvae in nurseries or fisheries in Canada and the North Atlantic coast. After the lobster hatches from its shell, it will be small in size, with large eyes and a thin body. This is a larva, and it must go through 4 stages before becoming like a lobster.

Feed your lobsters. Maintain their health and growth by regular feeding. In the wild, they eat small crustaceans, mollusks and fish. You can purchase suitable food from a larval supplier. Lobster mixes are being developed in Norway. On the farm, you can feed cod lobsters.

Breeding crayfish for sale at home is a profitable business. Conditions for successful breeding and an approximate calculation of profit.

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Crayfish breeding as a business can not be called a new idea - the first farmers tried to organize farms in the pre-perestroika USSR in the Rostov region. But it is not yet known whether anyone fully understands the prospects for farming. And they at first glance may seem simply fantastic.

For clarity, you first need to understand the cancers themselves. Cancer is not just cancer. Crayfish can be of different types, and their commercial value is not the same.

What are crayfish?

There are six types of cancers in our reservoirs: broad-toed (Astacus astacus), narrow-toed (A. leptodactylus), American signal, or spotted (Pacifastacus leniusculus) and striped (Orconectes limosus), as well as Far Eastern Daurian and Vladivostok.

We sweep across the transatlantic stripes right away - it is shallow, aggressive, little suitable for food, in general, weed and pest. In Lithuania and Belarus, where they appeared not so long ago, they are trying to lime them.

Far Eastern crayfish - peaceful, but not suitable for business: small (12-13 cm maximum) and tasteless. They are used more often as bait for catching large fish.

The signaling is finicky, like broad-toed, but smaller than narrow-toed, so for now let's turn to the natives - narrow-fingered and broad-fingered. Narrow-fingered - this is exactly the cancer that is known to all. You can start a cancer business with it, but first remember the broad-shouldered.

River Lobsters

Remember Dumas Ten Years Later? The jailer persuades the Iron Mask to eat? “Here are the Marne crayfish, as large as lobsters!” It was about broad-breasted crayfish. In the current catches (where they are still caught), broad-toed reach 20 cm (narrow-toed - 15-17 cm), and they themselves are more massive and fleshy.

There is reliable information about the capture in the past of wide-toed crayfish at 27 and even 33 cm - this is the market size of large marine crustaceans (European and Norwegian lobsters and spiny lobsters), marketed under the general name "lobster". The comparative sizes of the “medium” broad-toed and narrow-toed crayfish are visible in the figure, and there is no need to explain who is who.

And if we take into account that the broad-toed is much tastier than his brother and could take on the gap between everyday food - shrimp and expensive delicacies - sea lobsters, then here we can talk not about home, but really big business. Who knows, maybe a smart and adventurous person will read this article, and someday Russian Lobster will become a global brand ...

Where did the wide-fingered

Once upon a time, "large as lobsters", wide-toed crayfish dominated water bodies throughout Europe, and their small brethren huddled around the nooks. But from the middle of the 19th century, when mass industrial pollution started, the more resilient and unpretentious narrow-toed ones began to supplant them. Our crayfish cross each other, hybrids die out, and gradually narrow-toed remain in the pond.

Nowadays, broad-toed remained only in the clean rivers of the Baltic basin and in some Karelian lakes. So a well-established cancer business can also help save a rare, endangered species, which is at the same time a source of high-value animal protein.

What to expect from the cancer business

The crayfish breeding business is attractive not only for its prospects, but also because it can be started at home from scratch and with small initial investments. The return can reach 200-300% (!) Within 3-4 years, we give specific numbers below.

In addition, if the “cancer newcomer” is not ambitious and does not see himself in dreams in the Forbes top 100, but simply wants to have a stable, good income for himself, then breeding crayfish is just what he needs.

And finally, the cancer business does not require a “headache” of not only small, but also serious entrepreneurs: expensive and not always reliable marketing research, customer experience and other promotion. Crayfish, like RankXerox products, do not need advertising. Just suggest - demand is provided. But first you need to be patient and start with knowledge.

Broodstock formation

Breeding cancers as a home-based business requires some knowledge of their biology. It is best to start with a narrow-fingered - you can get uterine specimens almost everywhere, and it is unpretentious, but there will still be demand. Having gained experience, you can take on a valuable and promising broad-toed. It is better for this to involve as a companion on the shares of a specialist - a hydrobiologist.

Uterine specimens need to be caught on their own. In purchased cancer, even if it crawls, the gills have already dried up. Such a cancer, if it survives, then most likely it will not multiply.

Crayfish are caught with a special puncture; the drawing of the frame is shown in the figure. The frame is fitted with a fine mesh. Bait - meat or fish waste, better "with a sweetheart", but a little bit, "for the smell." Cancer finds food by smell, but is environmentally friendly; it does not accumulate “nastiness” in itself. Having eaten obvious rotten meat, he can be poisoned and then die.

Cancer is a nocturnal animal, and a rakalovka with a bait is put in the evening, and in the morning they choose a catch. If caught 30-40 pcs., This is already a broodstock, the rest can be put on sale. Crayfish are found in the deep places under clay slopes.

We sort the catch on the spot - large for divorce, small for sale. Sales can be carried in a bucket, covered with a wet rag, and manufacturers - 10-15 each. in a 20 liter plastic tank with wide-necked water. It is better not to be greedy and broodstock (30-50 pcs.) To form in 2-3 doses.

Если до базы более получаса езды, воду в транспортировочном баке нужно продувать аквариумным распылителем от резиновой груши или аквариумным воздушным компрессором, подключенным к бортовой сети через маломощный преобразователь 12/200 В. Следите только при покупке, чтобы на выходе преобразователя были 220В 50Гц, от «постоянки» компрессор не работает.

Оборудование раководной фермы

Для разведения раков вам понадобится сарай, чердак или пристройка, обогреваемые зимой до +15 градусов. The key to commercial success is successful breeding, but in winter the crayfish hibernate, their life cycle is interrupted, and do not expect a big income.

In the water reservoir there should be 3-4 containers of at least 200 liters each. Old enameled bathtubs, plastic tanks, etc. are suitable. Iron barrels and tanks are not suitable: if there are iron salts in the water, crayfish, if they multiply, are bad. The broodstock is initially evenly distributed over the containers.

In the containers there should be fragments of hollow bricks, cut plastic pipes, etc. shelters for crayfish. Persuasion - they say, clay is necessarily needed for digging holes, it is untenable. Cancer is not a fool, and if there is a ready-made dwelling, it won’t be in vain.

An important secret about water: it should be soft (with the lowest possible content of calcium and magnesium salts, which give a precipitate upon boiling), but with soluble mineral salts. Crayfish need salts to build a shell. In general, crayfish come from the sea, and love a little salty. The ideal option is artesian non-chlorinated tap water with the addition of 0.3 - 0.5 g of sea salt (it is now sold everywhere) per 1 liter. Those. salt per liter - a quarter of a teaspoon. It seems to be a little, but the crayfish is very important.

The content of producer crayfish

Water in containers with cancers is purged, as in an aquarium. 1/10 - 1/5 of the water is replaced weekly with fresh. Do not forget to salt water at the rate normal!

Crayfish are fed with vegetable (including boiled - porridges) and meat waste in a ratio of 5/1. An important point: crayfish can not stand fat! Salo, lard, etc. excluded from the diet. The rate of giving is in the evening, 5-15 g per 10 cm of body length. Those. one bowl without top of kitchen waste is enough for 20 and more meters of crayfish.

They are fed in the evening, in the morning the leftover eaten is removed by an aquarium net. Crayfish are neat, and reproduce in the mud little and poorly.

Breeding crayfish

From time to time, the cancers are removed for inspection. Having noticed attached caviar or juveniles (these are fertilized and gestating females) from below on the abdomen, they are planted in a separate container, the rest can be sealed.

When small crustaceans appear, they are sent to a separate container (which is why 3-4 baths are needed immediately) with shelters and fed as adults. To grow faster, feed can be passed through a meat grinder. Upon reaching 3-4 cm, juveniles are planted, in the warm season, in a growing pond. In the cold - they are kept "on a common basis" until the outside is +15 degrees of the average daily.

Growing to market size

A growing pond for crayfish is a pit with clay or hard slopes and a bottom of at least 30 square meters. m. The depth of the pit is very important: so that in winter it does not freeze to the bottom, but not less than 1 m. 1/10 of the bottom area is the wintering pool, a meter deeper. The pit can be either approximately square or in the form of a trench, as it will be better on the site.

Shelters are needed in the pit, just like in spawning grounds. In order not to mess with the water change, it is necessary to provide for the supply of non-chlorinated or rain-settled water supply (not in an iron tank) and outflow from the upper part. Replacement water can be served either in portions weekly, or a trickle of “half-match” or frequent drops constantly. The feed rate is 1/20 - 1/50 part weekly, but so that the evaporation does not exceed the feed and the water level does not fall. Salt water, as in spawning grounds, but do not swell the salt immediately into the water, but dilute it in a bucket and gradually pour the solution.

It is very good to buy at the pet store several branches of unpretentious aquarium plants: elodea, hornwort. Crayfish also need vitamin supplementation. But do not buy Wallisneria and the arrowhead: they will stretch the entire body of water over the summer, and the crayfish eat them poorly. It is better not to take plants from a river or a pond: we will introduce competitors, parasites and infection.

The rate of landing of juveniles is 10-30 pcs. per 1 square. m. a growing reservoir. In fact, we dig a hole, which can be on the site, and plant, how much has been spring by spring.

We feed the same as in spawning grounds, at half the normal rate. It is better to lower the feed to the bottom on a window hoop tightened with a window net in the evening, and in the morning to lift up the leftovers, and at the same time watch how much they have grown. If you are ready for sale - put in motion a rakolovka or several.

3-4 years pass from the moment of the females fertilization to commercial fishing, so be patient.

Commercial Home Crop Results

And now we have come to the most “delicious” part of crayfish breeding - the business plan.

Initial expenses in an enlarged version - 100-200 thousand rubles. for 3-4 years on its site. Basically - digging a hole with an excavator and substitution water. It makes no sense to rent a pond - such a lease is provided for no more than a year. Crayfish grow to market size 3-4 years, and where is the guarantee that the lease will be extended? Especially if they see that the goods have gone.

Now we’ll eat. On average, with a hundred square meters of water with regular capture of large, 2-2.5 tons of crayfish are obtained during the summer. In any case, in biology this is quite an achievable indicator. Let you be a beginner, and get over the summer with 50 sq. m. half a ton.

The very last miser is the owner of a local pub, 250 rubles each. it will take for a kilo without looking, and at retail you can sell 400 each. We get 125,000 for the third year in the summer, in the worst case, and “normal” - 200,000.

That is, even if you have 4/5 of juveniles planted for growth due to inexperience, you have died, by the 3rd year you can already pay back all the initial costs.

If you manage to grow by 100 sq. M, this is a pit 10x10 m, at least half planted (and this is quite possible, because in the process of leaving the experience you willy-nilly gain), then you can not remove for the same third year less than 400,000 rubles, or 200% of the original. Scatter over the years - 66.7% per year. Forex, and only. But without cheating, on his own honest work.

Why do you need to breed lobsters

Breeding lobsters at home has 2 goals. First, a large crustacean can be kept at home as a pet. Just imagine how great interest your guests will look at this magnificent giant. His life expectancy is long enough for the lobster to keep you company for years to come.

And the second, more urgent goal is the sale of fresh invertebrate restaurants. In the latter case, in addition to the love of crustaceans, you will need special knowledge and equipment.

I want a farm: where to start

What do we need for breeding lobsters? As a specific example, we will analyze the situation when you want to grow them for commercial purposes.

In this case, we are talking about both an aquarium and an indoor pool. A cheaper option would be a specialized aquarium.

For successful breeding of animals you will need at least two tanks. Why - learn further. If you have free space (apartment, heated garage), then it is better to install aquariums (large aquariums). In any case, it is better to start with them. And by the time your business is gaining momentum - to invest effort and money in closed artificial reservoirs. Believe our experience!

The volume and additional characteristics of water tanks you can check with Aqua-Store specialists for free.

In the wild, lobsters behave like predators. In the same way, they behave in an artificial environment. Therefore, it is advisable not to allow cohabitation of lobsters with other invertebrates.

The modern market offers ready-made combined feeds that you can safely use. They contain fats, proteins, chalk, minced fish, dry remains of small invertebrates and so on. Never feed lobsters to carrion.

Pitfalls in growing crustaceans

Like any livestock breeding business, lobster breeding is financially costly.

The main difficulty is that lobsters have long reached puberty. It will take more than one year until you can achieve the first offspring. And therefore - be patient and follow the previously planned plan.

When you start making a profit, things will go much better. It will be possible to think about expansion: the creation of artificial reservoirs. But for now, train in aquariums. Big business starts with small.

Where to buy specialized lobster aquariums

The best lobster aquarium is the one created specifically for them. You can find such aquariums at Aqua-store. Our experts know everything that crustaceans need for a happy life.

Aqua-store company offers you not only aquariums, but also everything for further breeding of lobsters. In addition, we are engaged in the maintenance of aquariums and the supply of consumables in the after-warranty period on very favorable terms.

While you are in business, we care about your lobsters!