Useful Tips

Competent cramming

In a month you will have time!

Maria DenisovaApril 22, 2019

Yes, yes, they are approaching inexorably! The end of spring, and with it the exams. And this is scary! We understand you. But if you are well prepared, everything should go perfectly. The problem is that when you imagine, say, in a lesson, how you will take up preparation now, it seems that there is nothing complicated. But as soon as you get home, it suddenly turns out that you have many other important things to do: clean the room, stand on the bar, watch all the series that you missed over the past six months, etc. In general, somehow I can’t concentrate. To ease your fate, we have put together 10 simple tips that will help you get ready and prepare for exams without too much stress.

Learn how to learn right

It sounds funny, but it works. If you feel that your way of doing homework and preparing for exams does not bring the desired results, then you should read materials about other methods of preparation. Perhaps you are not doing something efficiently and systematically. We have already examined several ways to prepare for exams productively. you can read about them here. Spend a couple of days, teach yourself to learn. Then it will be easier!

“Five Corners” tells how to properly learn material so that knowledge does not fly out of your head in a few days. The rules of competent cramming will come in handy both in preparation for the exam, and at the student session.

The main principle of learning material is to correctly distribute repetition in time. This is absolutely necessary so that a huge amount of information does not get mixed up and gets out of my head at the crucial moment in the exam.

The method of "graduated interval repetitions"

Its essence is to gradually increase the gap between repetitions of memorized material. The first stage should take place within 15-20 minutes. The second - hours after 8-9. And finally, after a day. This schedule is ideal for a session when students usually have only three days to prepare between exams.

In order to transfer memorized information to long-term memory, the intervals between repetitions must be constantly increased - by a day, two days, a week, etc. This method is very suitable for students involved in preparing for the exam in humanitarian subjects. The entire layer of information in a few months will literally lie “on the shelves”.

Morning with evening is wiser

The best time to repeat is half an hour before bedtime and in the morning, immediately after waking up. At the same time, close attention should be paid to errors and difficult places. If you focus on them in the evening, in the morning, complex facts and definitions will pop up in memory by themselves.

Do not look at the tips

To make preparation for exams more effective, repeating the learned information is better close to the text, but in your own words. You can only peek into textbooks and synopses if you cannot recall the material within a few minutes. Simple reading relieves the brain from overwork and the required work with memory.

And the last tip. Preparation for the exam should not take absolutely all the time - sometimes you also need to rest. The optimal time for mental discharge takes 10-15 minutes after 40-50 minutes of memorization.

1. Read, re-read and re-read

The so-called "memorization" is only appropriate when studying rigorous formulas, and even in this case they should not only be remembered, but also understood. As for the rest of the topics, feel free to re-read the necessary paragraph several times: in this way it will be possible not only to highlight the main idea, but also clearly remember the material presented. Our brain readily responds to repetitions of any kind, so it simply cannot ignore this approach.

2. Find your own “breakpoints”

If you know what a quest or logical charades are, you understand very well how one hint found pulls a chain of subsequent ones, opens up access to new information, and ultimately builds into the big picture.

Remembering everything read is sometimes simply impossible. If you have a lot of material, then it is better to break it into semantic segments and highlight the main idea in each. It is she who will become that reference point, clinging to which, you can easily remember and clearly state the subsequent material when passing the exam ticket.

3. Organize information

You have read the impressive paragraph of the text and, it seems, have remembered all the main things. But there are still several items ahead, and each of them requires a thoughtful approach. One material is "layered" on another.

Unfortunately, when trying to memorize a colossal volume at once, such confusion is not uncommon. In this case, to quickly find and remember the right moment, visibility will help. Our brain actively perceives images and color elements - it is so customary in human nature that bright signals are more firmly deposited in memory. Take advantage of this - use notes, colored symbols (for example, using markers and stickers) to highlight the most basic thing, which will then become a solid foundation for your answer.

4. Find your strengths

An individual approach always works better than any other. If you do not have your own intuitive scheme, it's time to come up with your own scheme for working with information. After all, in addition to reading and standard memorization, there are many other ways to effectively prepare for the exam and facilitate this process.

To begin with, each person has their own specific memory: some people better absorb information by ear, others perfectly remember what they see, others need to familiarize themselves with the subject “from all sides”.

  • If you easily memorize the text of a song you’ve heard or a thoughtfully heard lecture, then you have well-developed auditory memory. Take advantage of this. Read the text aloud, retell and speak the information. Read your notes on the recorder - this material will be easy to listen to and remember the most necessary.
  • If a couple of glances at a page with text is enough for you to say in which part of the paragraph you met this or that definition, you have a visual (aka visual) type of memory. Marking, underlining and marking the basics of the text being studied are suitable for you. Record, take notes and make your own notes - they will help to quickly restore material to memory.
  • If you have a tactile memory, then you definitely won’t be original in your approach to any business. But the long reading process can seem monotonous and boring. Explore the subject from all sides, while the associative way of remembering is ideal for you. It will be useful to make visual cards on which you can record the necessary information and then combine the segments into a single whole. This approach is especially effective in memorizing foreign language words, definitions, and mathematical formulas.

5. Write by hand

In the age of new technologies that offer us to conveniently sit behind the keyboard and quickly type in the necessary text, the idea of ​​arming ourselves with paper and a pen may not seem very practical. But it's not that simple. Scientists and psychologists have long proved that the process of taking notes by hand significantly improves the memorization function and is able to serve well in preparing for exams. The fact is that, independently displaying information on a piece of paper, we kind of “pass” it through ourselves.

6. Associations

The effectiveness of the associative method is proved not only by psychologists, but also by life itself. Imagine: you meet several people, and the name of one of them coincides with your own (or the name of a person close to you). You are unlikely to experience inconvenience because you forgot how to contact a person. If the new information is able to recall something that is already familiar or arouses interest, then it will certainly take its place in memory. Such associations can be called natural - they arise independently and do not require investment of their own efforts. But all the connections and analogies can be created in the process. At the same time, the more creative approach you put into an association, the brighter it will be remembered.

7. Take breaks and sleep a lot

When the time before the exam is short, it seems that a break for ten minutes will be a real crime. And completely in vain.

Our brain is designed in such a way that a large flow of information against the background of lack of rest plays against us, and new knowledge is not acquired.

Have you ever re-read the same sentence several times to make sense?

This first “bell” signals that it is time to postpone the textbook and relax a bit, switching to a short rest or walk. Thus, you will give yourself the necessary respite and after a break you will find that the information is remembered much better.

The night before the exam is the most stressful time in the life of schoolchildren and students. I want to read, remember and repeat as much as possible. However, complete neglect of sleep can affect the most negative way: when looking at an elongated ticket, you can not remember a good part of honestly learned material. A healthy sleep before the exam will bring much more benefit and streamline all the necessary thoughts.

8. Repeat

The human brain perfectly adapts to repetitive actions. For example, if this is not the first time you have taken the same route, you are not likely to get lost. The same rule is actively working in the field of information assimilation: a repeating song on the radio can firmly sit in your head even against our will.

Therefore, choosing the most important thing, do not neglect the repetition and viewing of the text “one more time”. And here is a little trick. If you re-read the passed material at night, then during sleep the received information will go to the stage of long-term memory, and the next morning in most cases you can confidently reproduce the learned rhyme, recall the mathematical formula or the date of birth of the Russian commander.