Useful Tips

6 myths about deafness


Disco took place on November 18! The organizers, led by Sheva, found a club near the Alekseevskaya metro station, and in order to avoid a crush at the entrance, they opened a club for the deaf at 6 p.m. And indeed - it was comfortable to go through non-rigid.

The interregional public organization “Association of the hearing impaired” was created by a group of enthusiasts in 2003 and is developing its activities in the Moscow region (Moscow and the Moscow region), where more than 30 thousand people with hearing impairments live.

The president of the Association for the Hard of Hearing MPO is its permanent leader Alexander Savelyevich Shevkunov (hearing impaired).

Is knowledge of sign language mandatory for communicating with inaudible people? Is it true that the deaf are closed and uncommunicative, can they really only work at home? Let's find out.

With Lyudmila and Helen we met at the girls' workplace - on the site of non-verbal perception of “Silence”. I had a lot of questions. But the communicative failure happened already at the first. The fact is that the girls’ usual formulations were completely incomprehensible to me - too long, twisted sentences complicated everything and left much to be desired articulation. But after a few minutes (not without the help of the organizer of the Silence and TEMNOTA platforms, Oksana Simutenko), we dispelled the first and most common myth associated with deaf and hard of hearing people.

Myth number 1. Communication with hearing is impossible


- I am hard of hearing, I wear a hearing aid at work. But, like most deaf and hard of hearing, I can read lips. True, for this the interlocutor must speak clearly, in short sentences, not turn away during communication, not chew.

- But if a person has thin lips, has a mustache, if he covers his mouth with his hand, reading becomes more difficult. Gestures help well in communication - this is not about knowledge of sign language. And the more emotionally you transmit information, the easier it is to understand. In extreme cases, you can communicate using correspondence.


- The main thing is not to strain, then there will certainly be a way to understand each other.

Myth number 2. People with hearing impairment do not speak.


- Everything is individual here. For example, I lost my hearing at the age of three - I got pneumonia, and I was prescribed an antibiotic, which led to such consequences. But by this time the formation of speech had already taken place, so I speak now. Moreover, my family and my boyfriend - they are hearing - for me to speak more and better, and not communicate using sign language.

At the school where I studied, teachers did not know sign language well, they made us speak, read aloud at speed. There was even such a lesson - the development of speech. Someone got better, someone worse, and I always had the best result.


- I, too, lost my hearing in early childhood, when I was already able to speak a little. My parents wanted me to communicate using voice, not gestures. But when they brought me to kindergarten, the teachers scolded them for such a choice. They said that because of this, I will not be able to communicate with other children. Now I speak and speak sign language. My son is hearing, but also speaks sign language.

In general, the method of communication is selected depending on the situation. Sometimes it is a voice, sometimes gestures, and sometimes a mixture of both.


- The main thing is to practice communication both with voice and with the help of gestures. If this is not done, then skills are quickly lost.

If you want to contact a deaf person - wave his hand, make sure that he saw you. Or come and touch it.

Myth # 3: Cannot communicate with the blind

- I work in an atelier, and once I happened to interact with a deaf-blind person. He came to try on, put on the thing that I sewed for him, began to ask with gestures how much it would cost when the work was ready ... But how can I answer? She began to speak in sign language, only in contact with a person’s hand. He understood everything.


- When deaf guys just came to our team, they began to ask me to go through the TEMNOT location. I refused for security reasons. But then she gave up. I accompanied the guys, they received all the tasks "on the shore", because I had no idea how we could communicate in the dark. Moreover, for my own peace of mind, I asked to give identification marks, to give feedback that everything was in order: someone had to clap their hands, someone - stomp their feet. And at some point, we lost one guy. I was already ready to turn on the light, when suddenly he took my hand, put it on his own, I felt that she was caught in a fist, the thumb was raised up. So he let me know that everything is in order.

Then we vigorously discussed the experience gained. It turned out that in the dark the guys talked to each other - in sign language, holding the interlocutor’s hands in the same space with their own.

Myth # 4: Deaf and Hard of Hearing People Don't Sing


- I was engaged in sign singing - this is when words are pronounced simultaneously in sign language to music that you don’t hear.

I'm generally a music lover. In Silence, they often ask me: “Do you listen to music? How? ”It's hard to explain. When music plays loudly, I feel vibrations. This is especially felt in clubs.

- Deaf people have an advantage - we can communicate even where it is very noisy. (Laughs. - Approx. Aut.)

Myth number 5: Do not make friends with hearing


- It all depends on how open a person is. After all, in fact, all people are the same. Just someone hears, but someone does not.

- Friends are determined by common interests, and not by the presence of hearing.

Speaking loudly when communicating with a deaf person is pointless. But the clarity of the articulation matters.

Myth # 6: Work only at home.


- Once I worked as a cleaner, nurse, seamstress, merchandiser, studied for a web designer and photographer ... It's the same as with many hearing people. Now I work at Auchan. The company has more than 15 deaf and hard of hearing employees: someone works in the hall, and someone like me at the checkout. Difficulties in communicating with customers are extremely rare - there is a sign at the checkout informing you that I am hard of hearing. This removes a lot of questions. But funny situations also happen. For example, once my grandmother, not seeing this plate, asked me what time it is. I show her the clock, to which she replies: "But I do not see - I forgot my glasses." I had to speak in a voice.

- In addition to working in an atelier and beauty salon, I lead a club formation in the Youth House of the Zheleznodorozhny District - I deal with the deaf. I won a grant for the project “House of Deaf Creativity” and now I create conditions for children, adolescents, and youth with hearing impairment to reveal their creative potential. There are many plans. For example, there is an idea to create a workshop equipped with sewing machines and a table for carving wood and birch bark. To hold a festival of creativity, participate in city events with exhibitions and concert numbers. I think all this will help children gain confidence and it is easier to find a common language with people, regardless of whether they hear or not.

Text: Tatyana Bushmakina.
Photo: from the personal archive of Oksana, Lyudmila and Helen.


Our organization advocates that hearing impaired citizens be removed from the general mass of “people with hearing impairments” to a separate social group and that they receive exactly the kind of social assistance that would take into account their actual needs.

Our main goal is to create a socially favorable space and conditions to support the life of the hearing impaired and their productive interaction with society (with hearing and deaf people).


Excursion and cultural-educational program on the history of Russia.

Organization and holding discos for deaf youth.

Club work with adolescents with hearing impairments on the basis of the Center for Psychological and Pedagogical Correction in Zelenograd (leaders Andreikin A.A., Alekseevskikh D.Yu.)

Measures to protect the rights and interests of this category of people with hearing impairment. Collection of signatures and organization of a picket for the return to television of news programs with subtitles (at the Ostankino cinema center, at the State Duma). Work with the Commission on Disabled Affairs under the Federation Council of the Russian Federation.

Organizing and conducting concerts of the ensemble of the sign song "Angels of Hope" (director A. Orlova)

Establishing contacts with the international organization of the hearing impaired - IFHOHYP - International Federation of Hard Of Hearing Young People. Information exchange.

The program "Sports for the hearing impaired." Organization of competitions among the hearing-impaired in karting and bowling.

The development and implementation in Moscow and the Moscow region together with the MegaFon mobile telephone company of a special “Contact” tariff for people with hearing impairments (low prices for sending SMS messages and the reduced cost of other communication services).

Organization and conduct of KVN among students with hearing impairment.

Participation of creatively gifted youth at the Deaf Festival in Moscow.

Assistance in the organization of the tent camp NP "Radogost" (joint recreation for hearing and inaudible students in Pushkinogorye).

The development of friendly relations between deaf citizens of Russia and Macedonia.

MOO "Association of the hearing impaired" is actively developing a grant direction in its activities. The 2009 social project “Program for the socio-psychological adaptation and pre-vocational training of people with hearing impairment“ How wonderful this world is ”was successfully implemented with a federal grant.

Also, in 2010, with the funds of the second federal grant, a project was implemented to provide information support to inaudible citizens.


MOO "Association of the hearing impaired" fruitfully cooperates with the resource center "Women of our city" (President Gorchakova LF), with boarding school №30 named after K.A. Mikaelyana, with the Logoton Center for Psychological and Pedagogical Rehabilitation and Correction in Zelenograd, with the Russian-Macedonian Friendship Society (chairman Pece Gashtarov, Macedonia) and other organizations.