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How to get rid of scars after acne - from creams with glycolic acid to the laser

Acne scars can occur on the skin of any type and at any age. They are unlikely to be hidden under the foundation, but cosmetologists can offer several ways to solve this problem.

You can use home remedies, the effectiveness of which is in question, you can turn to professionals in beauty salons, but in any case, you will need to consult a doctor.

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Why do acne scars appear?

In simple terms, then at the place of the acne some space is formed, gradually filled with connective tissue. Thus, the body takes care of its own integrity, completely not taking into account the aesthetic side of the issue. Dermatologists and cosmetologists identify several possible causes of scarring after acne:

  • Mechanical extrusion of acne and / or blackheads. With this effect, the skin will be damaged, its healing can be delayed indefinitely, which provokes the formation of scars.
  • Prolonged acne without proper treatment. It is accompanied by a violation of the sebaceous glands, clogging of pores with their secret, the spread of the inflammatory process. As a result, numerous abscesses are formed on the skin, which are a traumatic factor.

It is not necessary that scars will be formed only with a long course of acne or squeezing acne. Often, scars appear even with single rashes - it all depends on the type of skin, the general state of human health, the level of functionality of internal organs and systems.

In medicine, there are three types of scars after acne, which will “dictate” the scheme for solving the problem.

Atrophic

This is the most common type of scar that forms after acne. They look like fossae and tubercles, formed by connective tissue, which slightly increases at the site of deformation of the skin.

A distinctive feature of atrophic scars after acne is that they do not grow, do not change over the years (do not become deeper).

Keloid

Connective tissue at the site of acne and blackheads grows excessively, which leads to the formation of quite bulky, convex scars. Often they differ in irregular shape and red or purple.

Keloid scars can grow not only in places of a specific location of acne / acne, but also capture healthy skin tissue, close to the focus of the pathology.

How to remove acne scars

The selection of the most suitable scar removal method depends on the shape, depth and location of the lesion.

Acne Scars, in fact, can be divided into two large types:

  • hypertrophic scars: formed with excess connective tissue that remains elevated
  • atrophic scars: formed when there is little connective tissue, and have the shape of a hollow.

Normotrophic

This is the most “safe” type of scars, as it consists of a fairly elastic, non-thick connective tissue. Appearance with such scars does not deteriorate much, since the foci are pale in color and practically merge with the main background.

Normotrophic scars are a normal reaction of the skin to injury.

What is acne

Acne is a skin disease characterized by inflammation of the hair follicles.

It is formed when excess sebum mixed with dead skin cells and bacteria clogs the hair follicles, preventing the outflow of sebum. The hair follicle is a good breeding ground for bacteria that cause inflammation and infection.

Acne can vary from mild to severe. Mild acneas a rule, does not leave scars, severe acneon the contrary, leaves more or less deep scars on the forehead, cheeks and chin, which last throughout life.

Effective ointments for the face from the effects of acne

For many, the solution to acne scars and acne is an appeal to plastic surgeons or hardware cosmetology. But doctors argue that with regular use, pharmacy ointments will eliminate scars or make them less noticeable. There are several effective drugs:

  • Countertubex. The ointment contains several components that together provide accelerated exfoliation of epidermal particles and stopping the growth of connective tissue cells. The drug is especially effective for normotrophic scars; it can be used as a prophylactic agent for the risk of keloid and hypertrophic scars.

Kontratubeks applied localized, rubbed directly into the scar twice a day. The duration of therapy is 30 days, further treatment is prescribed by a doctor according to the results of previous procedures.

  • Fermenkol. The composition of the product contains animal enzymes responsible for the normal functioning of their digestive system. These substances have the ability to break down collagen fibers, which makes the formation of connective tissue impossible. Most often, this ointment is used for physiotherapy. In particular, it demonstrates particular effectiveness during electrophoresis.
Set of Fermenkol from scars and the device for electrophoresis Elfor

It is strongly not recommended to use Fermenkol on your own! The appointment should be made by a dermatologist / cosmetologist, he will determine the number of procedures and the total duration of the course of treatment.

  • Ointments are zinc, synthomycin and salicylic. These three drugs are especially popular because they combine two positive aspects - high efficiency and low cost. The regular use of drugs provides exfoliation of epidermal particles, normalization of metabolic processes in the skin and lightening them. Ointments act on the focus comprehensively and can eliminate all traces of post-acne.

Zinc, salicylic and synthomycin ointments are used in the same way: they are applied with a sufficiently thick layer to the scars, and after 50-60 minutes they are washed off with warm water. The course of therapy is unlimited, usually the procedures are performed twice a day and until the desired result is obtained.

  • Dermatix. This ointment does not belong to the category of medicinal, doctors recommend it to those patients who already have scars with a high risk of their transition into hypertrophic and keloid scars. When applied to the problem area, the drug forms a film on the surface, which is designed to protect the scar from external factors.

Apply Dermatics every day with a thin layer, it is better to do this in the morning. Whether scars will disappear after acne is a moot point, but the formation of other, more stable and “clumsy” scars will be stopped.

About how the administration of the drug Kollost for the treatment of acne scars takes place, see this video:

Creams for external use

Such creams are based on:

  • Hyaluronic acid: is a component of the skin that responds to its hydration and firmness. It has the property of filling all cavities and therefore can be shown to mitigate minor acne scars.
  • Glycolic acid: obtained from sugarcane, can penetrate even into the deeper layers of the skin, causing deep exfoliation of the surface layer of the skin. Stimulating, thereby, the replacement of skin cells with new ones, and, therefore, smoothing scars.

How to remove scars and scars with mesotherapy

This type of cosmetic procedure is an injection of vitamins, amino acids and other substances. The essence of the method: the drug for mesotherapy fills any “dips / pits / cracks” in the epidermis, which determines the visual alignment of the surface of the skin. Simultaneously with this “concealment”, the active substances of the preparation have a positive effect on the skin condition - saturate it with vitamins, make it more elastic and elastic, and correct color.

The advantage of mesotherapy in the fight against scars and scars is getting a quick, almost instant result. But the effect will not last long - a maximum of six months will have to repeat the injection, which can be attributed to the disadvantages of the method.

Mesotherapy is characterized by a large number of contraindications, therefore, before starting treatment of the post-acne condition, you need to consult a doctor. For example, if there are keloid scars, then the introduction of corticosteroid drugs will be required, and they are prohibited in some diseases.

Fillers

This method is in the administration of a substance such as collagen or hyaluronic acidthat fill the cicatricial cavities. The substance is injected using the thinnest needles, and after application, anesthetic cream is applied.

Excipients can give good results in case of atrophic acne. However, a repeat procedure is required every six months.

Which peeling is better

In general, the peeling procedure is considered one of the most effective in the process of removing scars and scars after acne and acne. Beauticians know several types of such a procedure, but if we consider them specifically in relation to the state of post-acne, then it is worth highlighting the following:

  • Deep phenolic peeling. This is a rather painful and aggressive procedure, phenol acts not only on the surface of the skin, but also penetrates into the deeper layers of the dermis. To visually hide the presence of scars, only 1 procedure is required. Rehabilitation will last 2 weeks, but with this method you can even get rid of deep keloid scars.

Of the shortcomings, soreness and increased pigmentation of the skin during the recovery period can be distinguished.

  • Mid Chemical Peeling. The procedure is carried out using salicylic, trichloroacetic or glycolic acids. These substances actively exfoliate already pathologically altered epidermis, while providing a stimulating effect on the regenerative abilities of the body. As a result, the connective tissue is replaced by a healthy, normal epidermis.

To get rid of scars and scars, you will need to undergo at least 5 procedures with an interval of 10 to 14 days.

Chemical peeling

Peeling is an effective treatment for both acne and remaining scars. It lies in applying acidic substances to the skincontributing skin peeling and stimulating skin regeneration. Peeling with glycolic acid in various concentrations is very often used, but salicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid or phenol can also be used.

Chemical peeling may be superficialif it affects only the surface layer of the skin, or deepif it penetrates into the deeper layers of the dermis. Deep peeling is very aggressive and is performed under the supervision of a dermatologist or plastic surgeon under general anesthesia.

Laser Acne Removal

This method of combating scars and scars after acne and blackheads is considered the most effective, it is able to solve the problem of even hypertrophic “marks”. The laser burns scar tissue and activates the regeneration of epidermal cells.

To obtain the desired result, you will need to do 3 - 5 procedures with an interval of 60 - 90 days. A more accurate amount of laser exposure will be determined by a specialist, since much depends on the “age” of the scar, the level of elasticity of the skin and the general health of the patient.

Laser removal of the effects of acne is a painful procedure, so it is performed under local anesthesia. If the threshold of pain sensitivity is too low, then the patient will be offered general anesthesia. The rehabilitation time after each exposure is at least 2 weeks, but even the “ancient” scars and scars can be eliminated.

Dermabrasion

This method is to smoothing the skin with small abrasives. It gives excellent results, but is quite invasive, which requires general anesthesia. After the procedure, the skin remains red for a long time, and the final results will be noticeable only after 12-14 weeks.

In addition, during this period of time, it is strictly forbidden to expose the skin to direct sunlight, which can cause discoloration, hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation.

Other cosmetic procedures

Some clinics may offer other procedures that can relieve the problem in question. These include:

  • Fractional Photothermolysis. This is a laser procedure, which differs from the usual one in that it affects the skin integument not with a single beam / spot, but with scattering rays. Fractional photothermolysis can solve the problem of not only scars, but also other effects of acne and acne - increased pigmentation, too open pores.

Typically, a course of therapy with this method is 5 procedures, between which there should be a gap of 10 days. Rehabilitation is 3 days.

  • Dermabrasion. This is a mechanical procedure that involves the action of special brushes on the surface of the skin. By friction, the scar tissue is abraded, the scars are aligned in one plane with the cover and become less noticeable. Dermabrasion is not one of the most effective procedures, but it helps to solve the problem of the "fresh" effects of acne and acne.
  • Ozone therapy. Medical ozone is introduced under the skin of the face, which accelerates the healing of cover wounds and relieves inflammation. It will take 5-6 procedures, in some cases this amount can increase to 10-15. In any case, ozone therapy requires long-term use and additional correction.

Skin puncture

Lies in stimulate the skin to produce collagen and elastin by applying multiple micro-punctures with needles.

To achieve improvement, at least 3-4 procedures must be done. The results will be visible at least after 2-3 months, which is necessary for the formation of new collagen. Each session lasts 15-20 minutes and is done after applying anesthetic cream to the skin.

Surgical treatment of scars and scars

A full-fledged surgical intervention for the post-acne condition is extremely rare, for example, in the absence of results after cosmetic procedures or too extensive lesions of the skin of the face. Doctors can offer three options for surgical treatment of scars and scars after acne:

  • Cutting (subsisia). An already formed scar is separated with a scalpel from the skin. Blood and lymph accumulate in the resulting wound, they form connective tissue, which is almost invisible. Often, undercutting is combined with laser resurfacing, then the result will be excellent - the skin will become smooth and even.
  • Excision. The doctor simply excises a scar / scar, and then puts cosmetic stitches. At the site of such an intervention, in most cases, new, small scars form, which are disposed of with a laser.
  • Skin transplant. This is a radical way to deal with scars and scars after acne, which consists in transplanting certain areas of the skin. Typically, such treatment is used for burns, in the case of the problem under consideration, it is impractical, as it can lead to serious complications.

About post-acne treatment, see this video:

Surgery

Very deep scars require surgical treatment.

For this operation exists several methods:

  • Perforation: consists in removing the skin, including the scar, and suturing, and then under the control of the formation of the scar, eliminating the formation of a scar. It is even possible to transplant a flap of skin from another part of the body.
  • Sub-incision: consists in removing scars with special needles that remove the subcutaneous portion of the scar.

Both techniques are carried out under general anesthesia and require quite a long time for healing. Edema and swelling remain very noticeable for more than 15 days, and frequent dressings are needed.

Often necessary use several procedures to get a satisfactory result, but not final, because, unfortunately, none of them can permanently remove acne scars.

Acne Prevention

The consequences are very difficult to eliminate, most often ointments cannot be dispensed with, cosmetic procedures and hardware therapy will be needed. It is much easier to take some actions that will prevent the formation of scars, scars after acne and acne:

  • do not squeeze out the rashes, but wait for their independent maturation and breakthrough,
  • regularly use special cosmetics for the treatment of acne,
  • conduct therapy for extensive rashes only under the supervision of a cosmetologist or dermatologist,
  • dietary correction will be required with the exception of fatty foods and pastries with sweets,
  • decorative and therapeutic cosmetics should be selected by a specialist.

Scars after acne are an unpleasant thing, which causes a lot of inconvenience in life. It is quite possible to solve the problem, but you need to contact specialists and not wait for the final formation of scars.

What traces remain after acne

But before you solve the problem, find out everything about it. Какие следы остаются после акне? Что с ними делать?

When the body fights inflammation, in place of the pimple begins the formation of granulation tissue. The area of ​​the wound is reduced, the production of collagen and elastin is increased. But the process of replacing cells is slow, scars appear. They are divided into such types:

physiological. Almost invisible, pass relatively quickly,
atrophic (fossa),
colloidal. Become the cause of discomfort. After removing acne on the face are rarely formed,
hypertrophic. Formations of pink color, dense to the touch.

There are different types of acne marks, but spots and scars are common.

Acne marks. Ways to get rid

The most common question asked by people suffering from acne is how to get rid of acne marks and scars. In fact, there are a lot of methods:

skin care at home,
visiting a beauty salon,
ready-made cleansers
folk remedies.

Home care is a must. If you do not follow the skin, then by maturity it will be in poor condition. To achieve youth and beauty of the skin, follow simple rules:

wash with antibacterial soap before bedtime and after waking up,
constantly do cleansing masks (2 times in 7 days),
periodically visit the salon to clean your skin.

This will give a chance to maintain skin tone. The frequency of such procedures will significantly increase the metabolic rate and skin regeneration. This will help begin the process of getting rid of scars and scars.

Remember that before dealing with acne and traces of them, it is important to consult a specialist. Otherwise, you will cause a new wave of rashes and problems. In addition, the tool needs to be used for a long time, so that the effect becomes noticeable. To check the effect of the drug or drug will take at least 14-20 days.

Destroy acne marks with natural remedies

Folk remedies give us a huge supply of effective ways to deal with acne marks. Consider the most popular options:

make a parsley broth. To do this, you need 40 grams of greens per glass of water. It needs to be boiled for a quarter of an hour, then frozen. Wipe your face with this ice twice a day,

Natural ingredients are the best remedy for the skin and its recovery. The main thing is to remember about allergic reactions, do not use the product without checking.

combine the protein and lemon juice to create a whitening mask. This product will lighten the skin, but if you need to remove only stains, then apply it pointwise,
Cinnamon with honey copes with such traces. 1 tsp each combine the components, put on the spots for 20 minutes,
the simplest cucumber mask - slices are applied to the skin for 30 minutes,
St. John's wort tincture is also an effective tool. 2 tablespoons of grass combine with 1 tbsp. ethyl alcohol and leave for 10 days. Lubricate point-affected parts of the skin,

Chocolate mask is an excellent nourishing and firming agent. To create it, you need 1: 1 black chocolate and cream. Melt chocolate, combine with cream, cool, apply on skin for a third of an hour,
Grind 1 part of tomato pulp with ½ part of starch and spread spots for a quarter of an hour.

Acne Mark Remedies

In order to help the skin cope with deficiencies, effective remedies have been invented against acne marks with oils and other components. Lubricating the stains with essential oils of lavender, tea tree will also help. Effectively rubbing the skin with lemon juice, garlic. So, we will consider truly effective compounds:

For wiping unwanted traces, a composition of concentrated oils is used. In 1 tsp base oils add 2 drops of rosemary oil, as well as a drop of lavender, peppermint and clove oils. Apply point to areas requiring correction,
Concentrated oils of lavender, frankincense, neroli for lubrication of scars are mixed in equal proportions,

Essential oils are a storehouse of skin benefits. They effectively fight rash marks.

Cosmetic paraffin sold in pharmacies can cure stains after acne. It is required to melt and apply to problem areas, leave to cool. By the way, throwing away the used product is not worth it. It is perfect for reuse. Lubricate the skin with cream before and after the procedure. If you have a problem of dilated blood vessels on the skin, then you should not use this tool,
One of the most effective formulations for home use is lotions with tretinoin. This tool is suitable for eliminating post-acne, because in addition to the serious peeling effect, it fights the appearance of new inflammations, smoothes scars, and eliminates stains.

Pharmacies for post-acne

In addition to folk methods, pharmacy remedies for post-acne are used at home. Pharmaceuticals offers many creams and ointments. Popular ones include:

peroxide and salicylic alcohol. Before bedtime and after waking up, the skin is wiped with alcohol, and peroxide is used for compresses for 5 minutes 2 times a day,
Panthenol is an excellent ointment for removing scars. Apply to the problem area with a thin layer,
Kontaktubeks helps to heal scars; it includes restoration of the skin and epidermal cells. Before use, the skin is steamed.

Thus, there are truly a lot of funds for getting rid of post-acne at home. You will find what suits you personally. The main thing in the treatment of acne traces is the regularity and systematic use of funds, regardless of whether they are folk or medication.