Causes of motion sickness
And yet, why does someone feel at home on water transport, and someone cannot last a minute on board?
The thing is the discrepancy between the information that your brain receives: the eyes see the movement, the fluid moves in the vestibular apparatus, but the muscles are at rest. Those who have a less developed vestibular apparatus, and become victims of motion sickness.
What to do before the trip?
- Keep in mind that any illness will aggravate motion sickness. Therefore, even if you just caught a cold, try to recover before a long trip.
- The opinion that with seasickness one day should refrain from eating is wrong. Moreover, an empty stomach will only increase discomfort! It is necessary to eat, but avoid spicy, fatty, salty, sweet, soda, milk and alcohol. At the same time, refrain from overeating!
- Do not forget the power of self-belief! Set yourself up for a great trip, that seasickness is not a problem for you. And, oddly enough, you really will feel better.
What to bring with you?
Many people struggle with poor health helps:
- mineral water,
- peppermint chewing gum or peppermint candies,
- tea with ginger or candied ginger,
- pharmaceuticals can come to the rescue: do not forget about pills against seasickness, just be sure to read the instructions!
Choose the right place in the transport
To minimize discomfort, it is necessary to take those places in the vehicle from which you can focus your eyes on the horizon during the trip. Therefore, the best solution in the car will be to take a seat next to the driver, in the bus, as in the plane - in front of the cabin. On the plane, take a seat at the porthole, and on the bus try to look out the front window.
Refrain from reading in transport. It is also undesirable to close your eyes.
Sea sickness: how and why
In medical terminology, motion sickness in transport is called "kinetosis." Moreover, motion sickness at sea is of the same nature as dizziness during dancing or on a carousel.
One of the main reasons for the occurrence of "seasickness" is the lack of fitness of the balance organ or vestibular apparatus. Although, doctors do not exclude an individual predisposition to motion sickness associated with heredity.
By its nature, motion sickness during boat trips is associated with the inconsistency of information perceived by man. The fact is that the receptors of the inner ear in the process of moving on a boat or ship, as in any other transport, perceive the situation as motionless. The body does not move during the trip. While the eyes record movements in space. As a result of this imbalance in the information perceived by the brain, dizziness and slight nausea occur.
Symptoms of motion sickness and "seasickness"
In most cases, the symptoms are absolutely identical. But in connection with the individual characteristics of the body, everyone can tolerate motion sickness a little differently. The classic symptoms of "seasickness" remain severe, increasing dizziness, vomiting, and nausea. The patient has very pale skin, mucous membranes. A person loses his appetite, sleep disturbances are manifested.
The reaction to motion sickness can be different. Some people become apathetic during this period, while others become very agitated. Immediately after the disappearance of the source of motion sickness, upon reaching land, the symptoms subside and then disappear.
Depending on the type of temperament, they also distinguish a tendency to motion sickness. Observations show that introverts suffer from "seasickness" more and more often, while extroverts suffer pumping much more easily.
How to prevent motion sickness: pre-ride activities
1. It is better for people prone to motion sickness before going to sea to refrain from consuming food, alcohol and highly carbonated drinks. It’s best to plan your last meal at least 2 hours before your trip.
2. On the road, you should be distracted from thoughts of motion sickness and have fun. Optimal would be a light conversation with a neighbor. On a ship or boat it is better to sit aft and look forward. It is known that sailors on duty never suffer from pitching. Since they constantly monitor the route and look exclusively ahead. Therefore, at the first signs of motion sickness, you must go to the stern and look at the horizon line.
3. Persons suffering from “seasickness” are strictly forbidden to sit in the opposite direction to movement. If the berth in the cabin is that way, this will trigger an increase in symptoms.
Methods for treating motion sickness
1. Medical preparations. Active development of medicine leaves no chance for more traditional methods. Therefore, knowing about your tendency to motion sickness, it is better to take one of the suitable drugs one hour or half an hour before a boat trip.
One of the most popular tablets is Dramina, made in Croatia. Bonin (USA), aminalon and others have a similar effect.
2. Vitamins . Blocking nausea allows the adoption of large doses of vitamin C. You can consume from 3-4 grams to 5 grams at a time. The action of the vitamin is based on blocking the release of histamines, as a result, relief comes almost instantly.
If tablet vitamins are not at hand, sour fruits can be used. Green apples are ideal. Lemons are also suitable.
3. Ginger powder. A known remedy for motion sickness is the root of this plant. It is recommended to use powder. One teaspoon an hour before departure is enough.
The gingerbread cookie loved by all, and caramel have similar action.
4. Peppermint Tea. A proven remedy for motion sickness is a fragrant drink. The proportion is one teaspoon of tea per glass of water. After that you need to let the drink brew for at least 20 minutes.
They take tea with them to the sea and drink in small portions. A good supplement to the drink is lemon.
5. Pickles, green tea. Pickles have a similar calming effect on motion sickness. They are recommended to chew a little. Helps with motion sickness brewing green tea. She just needs to be chewed during an attack.
6. Diet. Travelers suffering from "seasickness" before walking on the waves must watch their diet. It is better to drink water, vegetables and fruits. While heavy foods such as sweets, sodas, flour or chips are best avoided.
7. Red wine. Sailors recommend consuming such a cocktail before going to sea: dilute a teaspoon of soda in a glass of water. Then take 20 ml of liquid and add to a glass of red wine.
8. Honey and Mint. This recipe is also suitable for children who are difficult to tolerate pitching. A teaspoon of honey is mixed with peppermint essential oil. It is important that the child does not swallow the honey, but chews it. Then you need to drink it with cool water.
Practical advice from "seasickness"
Experienced travelers use not only proven medicines, but I also know a couple of simple tricks to avoid motion sickness.
1. Before a boat trip, the wrists are pulled with an elastic bandage. As a result, the body reacts much more softly to pressure drops.
According to the theory of Chinese medicine, there is a point on the wrists that helps prevent nausea. And it is precisely on the impact on it that the technique known to sailors is based.
2. Maximum abstraction. For this, sailors clamp a match or a toothpick in their teeth and begin to chew it during motion sickness attacks. A simple mechanical technique distracts from pitching, switches attention and makes it easy to reschedule a trip.
3. The patch. Many people with poorly trained vestibular apparatus know about this technique. Using two plasters, the navel is sealed. This must be done in such a way that the middle of the adhesive patch completely covers the navel. The method is simple, but very effective.
By following these simple recommendations, you can easily transfer not only an hour-long walk around the coast, but also a long sea cruise. Medications and techniques tested by sailors can cope with troubles and remove all the symptoms of motion sickness.
Avoid alcohol, take medicine, or just jump into the water if you feel motion sickness!
Going on a boat trip is undoubtedly one of the most enjoyable ways to spend time, especially in the summer. Cruise, yachting or fishing - a day at sea relaxes and liberates. Unless, of course, you suffer from seasickness (then only the contents of your stomach will be released).
In the worst case, it may seem that the only cure for motion sickness is immediate death, but Jean-Michel Cousteau, the son of the famous Jacques-Yves Cousteau, thinks differently. Jacques-Yves Cousteau invented scuba diving during the Second World War and thus indirectly became the founder of scuba diving. And his program “Cousteau’s Submarine Odyssey” has been watched by generations since its release in the 1970s.
What is it like to be the son of this person? “He threw me overboard with an oxygen cylinder behind me when I was only seven years old,” says Jean-Michel. Now, Cousteau-son is engaged in a global ocean conservation education program. His team collaborates with Ritz-Carlton resorts, which promote wealthy guests to the love of ocean life, which they retain even after returning from vacation.
It would be naive to believe that Jean-Michel Cousteau simply followed in the footsteps of his father. Bush Bush studied the oceans even longer - almost 70 years. During this time, Jean-Michel released more than 80 films, one of which received an Emmy. Cousteau’s father didn’t immediately come to environmental protection, but his son was interested in nature conservation from the very beginning: in 2006, he convinced George W. Bush to declare the group of islands and atolls in Hawaii an American national marine monument - Papahanaumokuakea became the largest marine protected area in the world .
Thrillist turned to the famous oceanographer with a simple question: “How to cope with seasickness?” That's what he said.
Motion sickness goes away over time
Motion sickness is the same motion sickness, but in this case on a ship, not in an airplane or car. It arises from the mismatch of the movement that the vestibular apparatus senses with what the eye sees: most often a static horizon line. “You need to get used to it,” Cousteau says. “Usually those who suffer little from the sea suffer sea sickness.”
The easiest way to avoid motion sickness in a calm sea
Strong pitching and high waves are the main causes of motion sickness, and the Pacific Ocean is known for its stormy waters. “I live at Cape Conception, not far from Santa Barbara. There are always strong waves and wind that sway the vessels, ”says Cousteau. At the same time, he scolds cruise liners in which you can avoid illness by simply not looking at the water: “On such ships you feel isolated from the ocean. You can sit in your cabin and not even see the water. When I give lectures on cruise ships, I tell passengers to immediately go look at the sea. ”
Seasickness can be prevented
“Some take pills to prevent motion sickness, others find ways to adapt on their own,” says Cousteau. You should take drugs with the active substance dimenhydrinate (in Russia - "Dramina", "Aviamarin"), but the main thing is not too much. Sometimes drugs that suppress vomiting are used. According to Cousteau, this is a mistake: "After such preparations, the malaise persists, but in addition there is drowsiness and fatigue, which completely deprives swimming of any pleasure."
A patch with scopolamine also helps to prevent motion sickness - it can work for three days, which is great for long trips, but in some countries it is sold by prescription. Another way to avoid motion sickness is to wear a Sea-Band bracelet. Such bracelets act thanks to acupressure, which helps with nausea, respectively, so do not worry about the side effects of taking medication. Unfortunately, the effect of Sea-Band is weaker than that of drugs.
The universal tip for avoiding motion sickness is to stay sober. Alcohol and marijuana act on the vestibular apparatus by themselves, so that intoxication can only aggravate motion sickness.
No need to hold your stomach
Motion sickness is unpredictable. What to do if an attack occurs? “Avoid the bow of the ship,” Cousteau says. - But do not go down below the deck and do not hide in the galley. In such a situation, it's like a torture chamber. ” Below, in a confined space, the difference between the sensations of the vestibular apparatus and what you see, causing motion sickness, is only getting stronger. According to Cousteau, it will be better if you do not restrain the gagging. “I saw people coming out of the galley with a green face. It will be much easier if you feed the fish, ”explains the oceanologist.
According to Cousteau, in overcoming seasickness, the attitude itself is important - the joy of meeting the ocean can cure anything. “The most important thing is to think about your connection with the ocean,” says the scientist. “Then it will be possible to distract from malaise.” Last year, Cousteau turned 80, according to him, few of his partners in swimming felt bad if at that moment they were watching giant ocean waves or sea animals. He distracted them with tales of the beauty of the vast expanses of water or of endangered species. “When people saw the whales, they forgot about their malaise and anything else,” recalls Cousteau.
Cousteau style tip: dive into the water!
“Just jump into the water if you can,” says Cousteau. “In the ocean, you will feel better at least thanks to salt water.”
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