Patchwork has been popular for several centuries. Originally used to heat the owner on cold nights, the quilts eventually turned into a separate art form in which the craftswomen manage to open their inner world deeply, creating more and more complex and bizarre patchwork patterns. To learn how to sew an American patchwork quilt, which, according to the colors, can be safely called Russian, we recommend starting with a “patriotic” nine-patch red-white-blue square.
What materials will be needed for the manufacture
The future product will consist of three layers:
- front side,
- bottom lining.
First you need to choose fabrics for the front side. These can be pieces of satin, chintz, silk, linen, drape, satin, calico, knitwear.
Square pieces of fabric for the front of the blanket
Jeans fragments are also suitable, which combine well with chintz or cotton. Patchwork can be made from unnecessary things or buy blanks for patchwork in specialized stores. As a synthetic insulation use sintepon, batting, hollofiber.
Filler synthetic winterizer in a roll is perfect for making blankets
Wool or cotton will serve as a natural filler.
Cotton filling for summer blankets
If you want to make a patchwork blanket with your own hands, and not a blanket, then insulation will not be needed. For a dense lining any dense fabric will do.
Cotton fabric is suitable for lining a light blanket.
The amount of material depends on the size of the product.
You will also need:
- threads No. 45 or No. 50,
- ordinary threads
- cardboard or plastic templates,
- sewing machine,
- needles, pins,
- scissors, chalk, centimeter.
Tools you might need for patchwork
The color of the threads is selected contrasting or in tone with the product. Ordinary threads will be used for basting. Patterns are made based on the shape of each individual patch of fabric.
Square pattern for patchwork with seam allowance
It can be a square, rhombus, triangle, circle, hexagon, rectangle. Each element needs to be provided with an indent for a seam of 0.5 - 1 cm.
Patterns for patchwork of square elements
How to sew a quilt with your own hands. Step-by-step instruction
First of all, the appearance of the product, the color combinations of the elements are thought out. It is advisable to choose the colors so that the composition is in harmony with the overall interior design. The idea should be moved to the sketch. For this, a regular notebook sheet in a cage is suitable, on which the future patchwork composition can be indicated with colored pencils. The simplest scheme of the front side consists of squares of the same size, interconnected. More complex schemes can be invented independently, picked up on the Internet or purchased in a specialized store, along with a needlework kit.
Lay out the squares so that you like the combination of prints and patterns
Next, individual elements are made, which will subsequently be interconnected. Fabrics need to be pre-washed and ironed well. Using templates, the required number of parts is cut out. Each flap should be ironed carefully.
We cut the squares in one line equal to the width of the bedspread
The easiest way to patchwork will be to connect the parts into strips, which are then sewn together.
Sew horizontal rows together
It is the method of sewing with stripes that is the simplest, and is popular with beginners and professional craftsmen. The result is a solid front side.
Iron the resulting blanket
After that, the lining is cut, which will be the same size as the top layer of the product.
Cut the seal to size, lay it on a flat surface, put the blanket face up on top
Next, on an even solid base, lay the lining fabric with the wrong side up. The material will not hurt to fix on the table or floor with tape. The heater is laid and leveled on top. It is important that the size of the filler is 5 cm smaller at the edges than the rest of the product. The patchwork surface of the blanket is laid on top. After that, all three layers are connected with pins.
Cut the part for the back side of the blanket and put the fabric face down on top of the stack, sew 3 layers around the perimeter
We twist through a small hole, iron, sew manually
Bonded layers should be properly quilted. If you will perform this work with a sewing machine, you need to install a special foot for embroidery. Then you should start from the center of the canvas diagonally to the edges. Instead of the usual stitch, a curly contour is often used.
Add a decorative stitch along the seams.
If the stitch is done manually, you need to start by processing the edges of the blanket. The edges are framed by a border of fabric, ribbon. For edging, material is used 8 cm - 10 cm wide, the length should be slightly larger than the edge of the product. The fabric or tape is folded along, ironed. Further, the border is sewn along the edges of the seamy and front side of the patchwork quilt.
DIY handmade patchwork quilt
How to sew a do-it-yourself patchwork quilt for a newborn
Even a beginner seamstress can make a quilt for a baby
For the kid, you can create an interesting, cute thing with your own hands. To do this, it is better to pick up square flaps with thematic or plot drawings, alternating them with plain details. If it is not possible to choose fabrics with such images, then you can create a blanket with nice appliqués or embroidery. For example, by combining multi-colored squares into one canvas, and on some of the flaps sew children's applications in the form of a house, a pyramid, a sun, a heart or other options. The blanket can be further decorated with embroidery. For a baby blanket, it is better to use a natural filler instead of a synthetic one.
Do-it-yourself patchwork quilt will be a great decoration for a child’s room or an original gift
How to sew a quilt using the patchwork technique of triangles
We lay out the desired pattern from multi-colored triangles cut according to the pattern
For beginners, the easiest way is to form shreds in the form of regular equilateral triangles of the same size. From such details, the front side of the product can easily be decorated with interesting geometric compositions, ornaments. From triangles you can form stars, flowers, waves, many different patterns. Triangular shreds will be perfectly combined with square, diamond-shaped. When creating a template for future details, it is important not to forget to provide indentation along the edges for seams with a width of 0.5 cm - 1 cm. The scheme of the future patchwork composition can be viewed in magazines, on the Internet or come up on your own.
Large patchwork triangular blanket
Do-it-yourself patchwork quilt using the ladder technique
An interesting geometric pattern of two contrasting colors “Jacob's Ladder”
In conclusion, we offer you to familiarize yourself with the interesting technique of patchwork for beginners “Jacob's Ladder”. It’s easy to master, and the finished product will look beautiful, stylish and interesting. The essence of the technique is to form identical square blocks called “Jacob's Ladder”, consisting of a specific set of parts. Next, all finished blocks should be connected in a certain order.
For one block you will need 5 parts 2: 2. They look like four identical squares of two colors connected in a checkerboard pattern. You also need to make 4 squares consisting of two triangles. For the manufacture of parts, you need to take two plain fabrics, for example, red and white.
We make of strips and squares of two colors
Next, we begin to manufacture parts 2: 2. To do this, you need two strips of fabric, white and red, 7 cm wide. They should be folded face to face, well aligned at the edges. The edges of the segments are stitched on one side, the seam is made at a distance of 6 mm from the edge. After this, you need to expand the stitched segments and smooth the seam. You will get a two-color wide ribbon from two stripes, such ribbons need 2 pcs. They need to be folded face to face so that the red strip lies on white, align the edges. Next, the folded ribbons are cut across into strips 7 cm wide. As a result, a couple of strips are obtained, which, without unrolling, need to be sewn together along the longitudinal edge. For the seam, we retreat by 6 mm. After that, we unfold the stitched elements, smooth the seams. As a result, we get finished parts that look like four squares arranged in a checkerboard pattern.
To make squares from two triangles, you will need a white and red square of fabric with a side size of 13.5 cm. On a white square on the wrong side, you should draw a diagonal from one corner to another. Then put the white square on the red face to face and secure with pins. Along the drawn diagonal on both sides, you need to make seams, departing from the drawn line by 6 mm. Having sewed a square, you need to cut it along the drawn line. We unfold the obtained part and iron at the seams.
Now you can assemble the square block “Jacob's Ladder” by applying a simple template scheme. Five parts 2: 2 are laid out as follows: one in the center, two at the upper and lower corners of the square block. Between them we have the remaining 4 parts, consisting of two triangles. All elements are interconnected in rows, you get three strips that remain stitched together. Finally, iron the seams and the first block is ready. The number of such blocks is determined based on the size of the future blanket using the “Staircase” technique. By combining the individual elements into one drawing, you get a stunningly beautiful designer item.
Patchwork quilting fabric
A patchwork is a patchwork of various household and decorative items - beds, blankets, bags, clothes, tablecloths, kitchen utensils, etc. The technique, known for thousands of years, is popular all over the world. Skilled craftswomen create all kinds of outlandish works of art using the patchwork method. And novice needlewomen are recommended to start from wide blankets from “quick squares”. Such products are practical and aesthetic, besides they are optimally suited for the development of such a delicate science.
Today, patchwork is considered one of the most popular patchwork techniques. It consists in stitching various rags of fabrics according to the mosaic principle. In the hands of experienced needlewomen, bright pieces of material turn into luxurious products that amaze and delight. But not all fabrics are equally good for patchwork.
To choose the right material for creating the patchwork quilt, you can follow the traditions of our grandmothers: simply keep all trimmings and leftovers from sewing clothes or bedding. From such rags of various sizes, a variegated blanket will certainly come out. And you can do much easier - purchase a set of fabrics for patchwork in any specialized store. Since the most difficult process in the patchwork technique is working with the material, the fabric must certainly not only be beautiful in appearance, but also of sufficient quality.
Cotton fabrics are considered ideal material for patchwork, because they meet all the important requirements:
Do not shrink,
A little less often used in patchwork sewing linen, silk, viscose and wool, as such materials are more capricious and always require special care in work. Complicated fabrics begin to be used by skilled craftswomen, for beginners there is nothing better than cotton!
Sewing material stores offer customers a huge selection of cotton fabrics of different colors and densities. But they, unfortunately, are not always suitable for patchwork. Some options are too showered in cuts, while others are too smooth or settle after washing. It is recommended, nevertheless, to buy special fabrics for patchwork that have undergone special preliminary processing. It is very simple for beginners to work with such material.
Popular types and patterns of patchwork
Patchwork style is a wide field for ideas and experiments, which has no boundaries in combinations of forms, colors, types of material. Here, any creative idea of the author can be implemented. Fancy patterns, appliqués with animals and flowers, geometric mosaics and other no less interesting options easily fold into a warm blanket or a comfortable blanket.
Of course, you can create a diagram for the product with your own hands, armed with imagination and a sharp pencil. And you can use ready-made ones, of which there are hundreds of thousands, depending on the types of patchwork.
Consider the most popular types of patchwork:
- Classic english. In this embodiment, the patchwork uses all the details of the same shape and size, usually two primary colors. Patterns for English patchwork are very primitive. For example, squares of two shades located on a chessboard, or symmetrically stitched triangles.
East patchwork. The manufacturing principle is similar to the classic, but differs in the use of various decorative elements - ribbons, beads, lightnings, etc. Most schemes for oriental patchwork products allow greater freedom in the shapes and sizes of parts. For example, it can be arched and wavy patches connected and decorated with satin ribbons.
Making a patchwork style blanket step by step
Of course, the abundance of various complex patterns and variations of products using the patchwork technique amazes even those craftswomen who have devoted decades of work to this art form. And for beginners, there are more primitive, but no less beautiful and functional options. For example, a blanket of “quick” squares. It’s better to start from it.
First of all, it is worth deciding on the color scheme and size of the future product. Although for the first time, any available segments of various shades are suitable. In advance, prepare a piece of fabric for the wrong side of the blanket, corresponding to its future sizes, and the same section of synthetic winterizer. We must not forget about the fabric for the edging. It is better to buy it with a margin. In our case, to make a square blanket, you will need a chintz of three colors, scissors, a ruler, pins, chalk, a pattern and a sewing machine.
It is recommended to pre-soak the chintz fabric in hot water, then rinse with cold, starch and iron. A tablespoon of starch is bred in a glass of cold water. Then the mixture is poured into 2 liters of hot water and thoroughly stirred. Chintz is rinsed in a slightly cooled solution, ironed and dried while still wet.
After preparing the material and collecting all the necessary tools, you can begin to prepare the very “quick” squares that the blanket will consist of.
Blank blanks for blankets
The manufacture of the elements we need begins with the preparation of strips. From two pieces of fabric of different colors, cut two strips of the same width. Then, folding them face to face, sew along one edge. In the next step, cut a wide strip from the third chintz pieces corresponding to the sizes of the two previous ones together. Stitch the resulting third strip to the first two on both sides, folding them first face to face, like the first time. As a result, you get a kind of sleeve turned inside out.
At the next stage, cut the resulting sleeve with an even zigzag into isosceles triangles. To do this, use a square, triangle, or triangular ruler pattern. As a result, from one long “sleeve” we get several double triangles, and, accordingly, in a U-turn - squares.
Assembly of squares using patchwork technology
To create a product in the style of patchwork, apply a wide variety of patterns and styles. The squares you have can be folded in the form of zigzags, scales, triangles or rhombs. The choice of style depends only on the taste of the craftswoman. In such a case, it is not recommended to rush. It is better to stack the details in several different ways, among which it will be easier to determine the most successful.
Assembling "fast" squares is as follows: first, the parts are joined together in longitudinal strips, only then the strips are sewn together. The main thing is not to forget to iron the finished seams. In fact, the front side of the blanket at this stage is completed.
Making blankets from “quick” squares
As the back side of the blanket, you can use any, preferably natural, fabric. Лучше всего с задачей справится батист или ситец. Для быстрой сборки одеяла заготовленную ткань для изнанки положите лицом книзу, затем расстелите слой синтепона и уложите сверху деталь из квадратов лицом вверх. С помощью швейной машины прострочите по периметру будущее изделие.The border can be the edges of a pattern or the edges of squares.
Until the completion of the process, it remains only to make the edging of a luxurious blanket. To do this, cut a strip of suitable fabric 8 cm wide and slightly longer than the side of the product. Attach the resulting strip to the front edge of the blanket, aligning the edges. Sew the sewing machine on the strip to the blanket, then bend it to the wrong side, tuck it and sew again on the front side. In this way, trim the rest of the edges of the blanket.
At this, the production of blankets from “fast” squares is considered complete. For the first time, such a product is considered optimal in terms of complexity. But even if the result is not quite perfect, you should not be upset. From the second attempt, it will certainly turn out better!
Tips for Making Blankets for Beginners
Now patchwork creations have become more popular than ever. Between the noisy bustle and tedious workdays, one wants to touch something warm and cozy. Even those women who have never thought about needlework before, begin to confidently master the patchwork. Decorative cushions, aprons, hot coasters, colorful panels, curtains for a country house, ultramodern bags and many other little things are able to create by experienced craftswomen.
Beginning needlewomen should pay attention to some useful tips:
- Before using a new fabric, it must be washed, ironed and only then cut. Thus, it will be possible to prevent accidental shrinkage, loss of color or other trouble.
The color of the thread used must match the color of the patch or differ by a couple of tones.
For drawing use a pencil or soap. It is forbidden to use a pen.
Cutting is done on a shared thread. In this case, the part does not warp.
When cutting, indent 1 cm from all sides. If the fabric is loose, 1.5 cm each.
Perfect patterns made of plastic.
Without a ruler, patchwork is impossible.
Patchwork quilt patterns
Depending on the chosen patchwork technique, one or another pattern template may come in handy for the needlewoman:
- Square technique. It involves the creation of products from square shreds or square blocks of different colors. At this time, a pattern in the form of a regular square or a pattern of stripes from which a square block will be composed is useful.
Strip technique. This is parallel or circular stitching of various color and length strips. To create a product in this technique, you need a pattern of different stripes.
Triangle technique. In many ways similar to squares. Most often, patterns of isosceles, equal in size, but differing in color of triangles, are used for her. Details can be stitched along a short edge to form a strip, 4 pieces each to form a square or star shape.
Honeycomb technique. It got its name thanks to the final result. Upon completion, the product pattern will resemble a honeycomb pattern. For the manufacture of using patterns of symmetrical hexagons.
How to make a patchwork blanket - look at the video: