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How to become a decorator: features of training


The artist is a profession that appeared in the Stone Age. During the late Paleolithic period, people created images on stones and rocks. It was at this time that the first artists appeared. Ancient artists painted with charcoal. Among the images of that period, the moments of hunting for wild animals were most often painted. Confirmation of this is the many cave paintings that scientists found in various places on our planet. With the advent of civilizations, painters with their drawings began to paint the houses and tombs of majestic rulers.

The improvement of painting is closely related to the invention of paints. The first paints were created in ancient Egypt, around 3000 BC, by mixing crystals of sodium, malachite, iron, copper and calcium. In this regard, the greatest development of art was in Egypt, the artists trained there in specialized educational institutions. During the reign of the pharaohs, each royal house had its own figures of art. In ancient Egypt, artistic images served as decorations in noble houses and tombs and were devoted to religious themes, rulers and deities. Gradually, with the development of life, visual art also received parallel development. From the above material, we can conclude that the artist is a very ancient profession that has existed for many millennia. Nowadays, this profession is one of the most attractive and exciting.

Artist: profession description

An artist is a creative person who engages in visual and non-visual art. Artists are talented people who can create something new or transform the old. The main quality of the artist is the ability to draw on canvas or other objects. Now, in order to learn art, you need to graduate from art school or art courses. The artist is a profession in great demand, and many people would not refuse to learn such amazing skill. There are many varieties of this profession, the most popular among them: artist-designer, artist-fashion designer and costume designer.

Profession Designer

Design artist - engaged in the original design of any objects. Designers in the literal sense of the word make our life interesting and colorful. The main purpose of this profession is to give a new look to an existing thing. There are many types of profession as an artist-designer, some of them are: interior designer, clothing designer, web designer and landscape designer. The duties of the artist-designer, depending on the scope of his activities, include: developing ideas and concepts in the form of visual graphic diagrams, posters and layouts and translating projects into reality.

In order to become a designer, a person must possess the following qualities:

  • to know perfectly the painting and drawing business,
  • know everything about a design subject,
  • have creative thinking and original ideas,
  • have design skills.

Who is a decorator: what you need to know about the profession?

A decorator is a person who decorates rooms. The profession got its name from the Latin word "decor", which in translation into Russian means "beauty". Unlike the designer, the decorator does not create permanent jewelry, but temporary. As a rule, they are timed to any event (for example, decorate a wedding or banquet hall). However, this does not always happen. Sometimes the decorator creates the interior of a room without making significant changes to its decoration (for example, using paintings, mirrors, curtains).

There are several varieties of decorators:

  • interior decorator
  • wedding decorator
  • florist,
  • decorator,
  • dresser,
  • decorator.

Tasks and Responsibilities

The tasks of a representative of the profession usually include:

  • to make out rooms, show-windows or other objects entrusted to him in work,
  • to develop a design concept, including its compositional solution and color design,
  • select the materials necessary for work,
  • if necessary, to work with previously designed objects that require additional restoration procedures.

Work and salary

The decorator’s salary is low: in Moscow and St. Petersburg it is 35,000–40,000 rubles, and in other regions of the Russian Federation –20,000–30,000 rubles.

The career of the decorator is somewhat limited. The higher posts available to the representative of this profession are the senior decorator, who reports to several other employees, as well as the head of the department of the organization in which he works. This is where the promotion opportunities for a specialist in this area end.

However, the prospects for the so-called "horizontal" growth are quite broad. It involves improving professional skills and increasing income while maintaining a position at the same level. So, if a decorator masters other varieties of his profession, he will be able to work in several areas at once (in trade, theater, holiday design).

In addition, it is possible to register as an individual entrepreneur and provide design services directly.

The decorator is not a very popular profession. Even in Moscow and St. Petersburg, you can find quite a few vacancies for representatives of this specialty. Even fewer of them are in the provincial cities of Russia. It is also difficult to find a job with decent pay. As a rule, such rates are very few even in the capital.

Pros and cons of the profession

The indisputable advantages of the profession include the following:

  • interesting job,
  • the need for creativity
  • the ability to freely plan your schedule,
  • the prospect of starting your own business.

However, the specialty has several significant drawbacks:

  • low demand on the Russian labor market,
  • low salary of a specialist.

What skills do you need?

A specialist in the field of design will need the following knowledge, skills, and personal qualities.

  • The ability to draw. Often when you design a room or other object, you need to draw something. Drawing will come in handy when creating a layout or project for future work.
  • Creative thinking. Decorating something is, first of all, creativity. Therefore, the representative of the profession should be able to be creative in approaching the task, think in an original way, find unusual ways to achieve the goal and original ways of solving problems arising during the work.
  • Good knowledge of materials. Regardless of which direction the decorator belongs to, he should know very well the features and properties of the materials with which he works. Indeed, the final result of his activity depends on how they behave during the creation of various decorative elements from them.
  • Ability to communicate with people and find a common language with them. Despite the wide scope for creativity, the decorator must follow the requirements set by the management or the customer. Often their wishes are contrary to generally accepted artistic principles. In this case, the specialist should point out this to them and suggest how to do better. This requires a certain tact, sociability, the ability to communicate and negotiate.
  • Mindfulness. The decorator must be attentive to details, because even the smallest of them depends on the final mood of the object, its artistic message.
  • Good color perception. Work with color, its various combinations is one of the main components of the work of a representative of the profession. Therefore, he should feel different colors well and understand on an intuitive level which of them are suitable for each other and which are not.

What items need to be handed over?

As with admission to any other art faculty of the university, in order to study at the decorator, you will need to pass exams in the following subjects:

  • Russian language,
  • maths,
  • literature,
  • art.

The passing score for the exam is different depending on the university: each of them sets its own standards. Some schools will require an applicant to pass an additional entrance test. As a rule, it requires the entrant to make some kind of drawing.

Upon admission to secondary secondary education, you need to take much less. There are only two of them:

The requirements for scored points are also significantly lower.

And in order to start training in the courses, you just need to sign a contract with the company that organizes and conducts them, and then pay for your studies.

How much do you need to study as a decorator after grades 9 and 11?

Typically, studies in secondary secondary education upon admission after the ninth grade takes three years and ten months, and after the eleventh - two years and ten months. However, there are some colleges and technical schools in which it lasts one year longer. These are art and medical schools. Since the decorator is a type of artist, this rule applies to him. Thus, education after the eleventh grade will take three years and ten months, and after the ninth grade - four years and ten months.

Universities and Academies

Here are five higher education institutions in Moscow where you can get the profession of “decorator”.

  • Russian State University named after N. A. Kosygin. The cost of twelve months of study is 102,000 rubles.
  • Moscow State Regional University. Two semesters of study at a university will cost 242,000 rubles.
  • Moscow State Pedagogical University. The price for a year of study is 186,000 rubles.
  • MGHPA named after S. G. Stroganov. The cost of one year of study is 350,000 rubles.
  • Russian State University of Tourism and Service. The cost of studying for the year is 213,000 rubles.

And these are similar universities of St. Petersburg.

  • Smolny Institute of the Russian Academy of Education. One year of study here will cost 180,000 rubles.
  • Leningrad University named after A.S. Pushkin. The cost of a year of study is 128,000 rubles.
  • St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture. The price of twelve months of study at a university is 86,000 rubles.
  • St. Petersburg State Forestry University named after CM. Kirov. The cost of study is 68,000 rubles for one year.
  • Higher School of Folk Arts. Studying at this institute will cost a student 92,500 rubles a year.

All these universities are state-owned and funded from the budget, so they have the opportunity to study for free.

The duration of training in each of them will be four years when preparing for the undergraduate program and six years when preparing for the master's program.

Colleges and technical schools

Below are five metropolitan technical schools and colleges where you can get a decorator's education.

  • College of Landscaping No. 18. The price of a year of study is 60,000 rubles.
  • Theater Art and Technical College. The cost of twelve months of study is 54,000 rubles.
  • College of Technology No. 14. The cost of study is 120,000 rubles per year.
  • College of Decorative Arts № 36 named. Carla Faberge. The price for the year is 126,000 rubles.
  • Moscow State Academic Art College in memory of 1905. The cost of preparation is 303,400 per year.

There are similar secondary secondary schools in St. Petersburg.

  • St. Petersburg Art College named after N.K. Roerich. The cost of twelve months of study is 65,000 rubles.
  • St. Petersburg College of Architecture and Civil Engineering. The price for a year of study is 70,000 rubles.
  • Leningrad Regional College of Culture and Art. One year of study in this vocational school will cost 67,000 rubles.
  • St. Petersburg College of Technology, Modeling and Management. The cost of twelve months of study here is 58,000 rubles.
  • St. Petersburg College of Tourism and Hotel Service. For one year of study at this college they will ask for 65,000 rubles.

In time, training will last three years and ten months for applicants who entered after the eleventh grade, and one year more for those who graduated from only nine grades of the school.

Decorator Courses

The profession of decorator can be obtained in courses. Here are five organizations conducting them in Moscow.

  • "School of Architecture and Design". Cost - 25,000; term - three months.
  • "School of Design and Computer Graphics." Cost - 16,000, time - one and a half months.
  • "Academic School of Design." Price - 12,000, term - two months.
  • "International School of Design." Cost - 18,600, period - three weeks.
  • "Moscow Flower School". Courses for florists. Price - 10,000, duration - one week.

And these are similar St. Petersburg courses.

  • Educational center "Aristek". Cost - 15,000, four weeks.
  • "School of Decor by Alexandra Mehedova." Cost - 32,000, duration - two months.
  • "Courses of a wedding decor". The price is 26,000, the period is one month.
  • Artfuture Cost 17 900, duration - three weeks.
  • UTs "Prestige". Cost 9,800, duration - two weeks.

The decorator is a rather interesting profession that requires a creative approach. Her future representative should be an attentive, responsible, sociable, creative person. You can study at the decorator at a university, secondary school or at courses. However, the future specialist should be prepared for the fact that the profession is not too in demand and is not very highly paid.

Dear Readers! If you need specialist advice On issues of labor law and the protection of the rights of workers and employers, we recommend that you immediately contact our qualified practicing lawyers:

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Dear Readers! If you need specialist advice On issues of labor law and the protection of the rights of workers and employers, we recommend that you immediately contact our qualified practicing lawyers:

Moscow and the region: +7 (499) 455-12-46

St. Petersburg and the region: +7 (812) 426-11-82

Profession Features

  • The work of the decorator begins with the manufacture of graphic or color sketches and layout, preparation of the necessary materials for decoration, taking into account their appearance and quality. The next step is the execution of drawings, according to which joiners or mock-ups will make the most complex design elements.

Generally, The functional responsibilities of the decorator are as follows:

  • development of art and design projects and technical documentation,
  • creation of style, color collages,
  • selection of materials, furniture, textiles, lamps, accessories,
  • design of exhibition stands, shops, show rooms, trading floors,
  • development of plans, drawings and sketches of scenery designs,
  • participation in budgeting, allocation of the allocated budget,
  • participation in design and decoration works,
  • field supervision and control over the timing of the execution of scenery,
  • direct design work on the premises,
  • assistance in preparing for exhibitions, photo sessions and promotional events.

Profession Fashion Designer

A fashion designer is a person who creates models of clothes, shoes and accessories. The profession "fashion designer" will be fascinating and interesting to those people who are interested in the fashion industry. The main place of work of fashion designers are: ateliers, fashion houses, factories and sewing workshops. Fashion designers develop new clothes taking into account demand and opportunities, create special clothing collections to demonstrate them at fashion shows. Most often, an artist, a fashion designer, does the following: creating graphic sketches of clothing models, translating designs into reality, developing designs for new types of clothes, searching for models for fashion shows, organizing fashion shows, and much more. The things created by the fashion designer combine grace, beauty and functionality, and manufacturing technology is the cornerstone.

The fashion designer must have the following knowledge and skills:

  • have knowledge in the field of art culture,
  • have imagination
  • be able to draw
  • to be diversified,
  • Know all the latest fashion.

Fashion designers create individual orders for athletes, actors and singers, and are also dictators of fashion and style in society.

Costume Designer Profession

Costume designer is a professional with modern knowledge in modeling clothes, design, depending on the characteristics of the models. Costumer is one of the most sought-after professions in the labor market. The scope of this profession is quite wide. Specialists in this business work in ateliers, fashion houses, various sewing enterprises, and also as a private entrepreneur. But it is known that most often costumers work in theatrical institutions, on television and in the field of cinematography. The costume designer is part of a group of participants in a play or film, led by a production designer.

The dresser’s work begins from the moment the script is read, when the specialist gets acquainted with the details surrounding the characters and develops their image. Подход к разработке костюма требует обращения внимания на любые малейшие детали, так как костюм героя выражает его социальный статус, возраст и какие-то индивидуальные черты.The costume designer works with the director, production designer, make-up artist and actors, whom he helps to transform into heroes.

An artist working in this field must:

  • be able to draw
  • know sewing and various styles of clothing,
  • keep abreast of the latest fashion news,
  • Be able to work with costume technology
  • know the characteristics of fabrics and be able to work with artistic processing.

A true costume designer should have an expanded horizons, have knowledge in the field of theater, museums, the history of costume, modern cinema and the latest fashion novelties to get inspiration.

The costume designer performs the following series of works:

  • develops costume designs based on the size of the model,
  • engaged in sketching graphic versions of models,
  • engaged in the manufacture of clothing and costumes.

Therefore, the artist is a profession for people with great creative potential.

Important qualities

  • developed spatial imagination
  • good figurative visual memory
  • creative thinking outside the box
  • creativity, ingenuity
  • accuracy
  • attentiveness
  • resourcefulness
  • flexible thinking
  • responsibility, diligence

Professional knowledge:

  • history of art styles
  • ability to draw
  • interior decoration traditions - historical, ethnic, modern trends
  • wide market knowledge of modern decorative materials
  • mastery of the basics of interior decoration techniques
  • principles of visual agitation
  • types and purpose of fonts, industrial graphics, basics of drawing, painting, composition
  • laws of color science, color combinations and the psychology of color
  • features of human visual perception.
  • In private practice, the decorator must possess not only the skills of the artist, but also the superintendent, businessman, lawyer, as well as a psychologist in building relationships with the customer. Knowledge of business etiquette will help to convince the customer and find compromises.

Salary on 07/22/2019

The profession of decorator in the modern world has a high social significance and relevance. The services of a specialist decorator, who proved himself to be original work, good artistic taste and flair, are paid very high. In Moscow, the work of a decorator costs from $ 100 per 1 square meter. The upper bar is individual and depends on the popularity of the decorator.

Theater decorators usually work in theaters that are financed from the budget, so their income is not so high. Salary - from 35 000 rubles per month.

Career Steps and Prospects

Career growth is possible on the administrative line: a young specialist can initially become an employee of the decoration workshop, but with purposefulness and creative personality, grow up to the status of the main artist-decorator and head of the decoration workshop. In private practice, a career is built as an increase in fame in professional circles.

Profession history

Decorators appeared in the ancient world. This is due to the needs of high society - ministers of worship, rulers - to surround themselves with a rich refined interior made of unique and expensive materials that would strike the imagination of ambassadors of foreign delegations.

The profession of a decorator is as old as the theater. She has come a long way in becoming and development. Theatrical scenery was originally primitive and rude. Now, representatives of the profession are creating everything for the highly artistic design of the scene.

Briefly about the profession

The name of this profession comes from the English word decorate, which means “to decorate”.

Decorators are interior decorators and theater artists who, based on sketches of other artists, write sets for performances. One of their main tasks is the production of scenery that will create a unique look of the stage, which will reflect not only the tastes of the director, but also the spirit of the performance.

The decorator is a kind of stage architect. He needs to understand her device from the outside and from the inside. The artist needs to know how to make scenery for the stage with his own hands in order to control the work process and monitor the competent embodiment of the creative idea.

Theater artists work closely with the director: they must always take into account the creative plan and realize its idea. However, passive incarnation is not enough. If a decorator has sufficient experience and talent, he can enrich and expand the director's idea. By joining forces, you can achieve incredible results.


The duties of the artist-decorator include the management of workers in the studio of the theater, as well as the personal implementation of the most complex paintings. In addition, the decorator takes part in the reception of sketches and mock-ups of sets for performances and controls the artistic condition of the sets for performances of the current repertoire. He provides guidance on the restoration if the theater sets become worthless. Works to preserve their original style and color. The scenery for the stage often requires many different materials, which are also kept by artists-decorators.

Massive and unique profession

Often, a decorator is equated with similar specialists whose professions are associated with creativity, for example, designers. However, this is not at all true. The work of the artist-decorator is aimed at making scenery for the stage, which will help to recreate the atmosphere of the work and help the actors play, while the design work is aimed at mass production.

The profession of theatrical artist-decorator cannot be attributed to the mass. Often the same specialist has been working in the same theater for decades.

In a large city with many theaters, it is quite possible for a young specialist to find a place in the decoration workshop and, through perseverance and creative personality, become the head of the workshop.

The decorator should.

  • Be able to draw and think creatively.
  • Know the basics of composition, drawing and painting.
  • Understand the laws of color science and the psychology of color.
  • Remember the history of styles and arts.
  • Know the traditions of interior design, both modern and historical, ethnic.
  • Take into account the visual perception of the viewer.
  • Navigate the market of modern decor materials.
  • Understand the device and equipment of the scene, its characteristics.

How does a decorator work?

So, where does the work of theatrical artist-decorator begin? As with any director and actor - from reading the script, because the scenery is subsequently designed based on it.

An artist-decorator needs to understand the ideological message of the work, get acquainted with the characters, feel the historical epoch in which the action takes place, and also feel its rhythm, dynamics and interweaving of the plot. Here the work begins: the decorator presents the performance as if it is already on stage. Imagination at this stage is a very important part, since it works to clarify the concept of a future production.

The first condition for the further competent work of a theater artist is a clear idea of ​​the production and the possible nature of its artistic solution. Next, there is a discussion of the concept with the director. In most cases, the interaction of these two people determines the success of the performance.

After discussion with the director, sketches and mockups of the future stage design are developed, as well as the decoration of the overall design is thought out. Here it is necessary to remember that the stage is not just a part of the hall that needs to be forced. This is a space for acting that is filled with its emotions and has its own expressive power. The artist creates a mock-up of scenery, forming a “performance style”, working out the design.

Further, coordinating the layout with the director and making amendments, the decorator proceeds directly to the creation of the scenery. This is a period of painstaking work on details, selection of the necessary material, texture and shade.

The color scheme of the scene should not be in itself: it is coordinated with the director, costume designers and lighting artists. In addition, each piece of world classics requires its own color palette.

At first glance, it might seem that there are too many trifles in the work of a theater artist-decorator, however, it is from them that an integral image of the whole performance is formed. It is they who help the viewer enter the atmosphere of the production, and the actors in their role.

“Work for the actor” is one of the main commandments of the artist-decorator. The decoration of the production works so that the actors build the plastic of their character, find the most profitable part of the scene for each moment of the performance.

The colors of the spotlights that can be seen during the production process can be very diverse. Paints of electric lighting should competently merge into the general outline of the decoration of the performance.

All this time we talked about theatrical artist-decorator. But this profession is no less important in the musical theater and in the circus. A colorful and vivid performance in the arena is created not without the participation of the artist. In the creation of any performances, productions and concerts can not do without the help of an artist-decorator.