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Internet Danger for Children and Adults

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On the Internet you can find many new friends. You can simply chat with people in chat rooms. However, you should always be careful and carefully monitor what they write to you. Over time, you will learn to understand who is lying to you and who really wants to make friends with you. Listen carefully to the questions you are asked, as there are many adults in chat rooms who pretend to be teenagers with unkind intentions. Be careful and carefully choose the information that you share with people on the Internet.

Statistics data

The Internet can serve for good or for harm. Therefore, it is important to correctly apply the opportunities that the Network provides. According to statistics, about 10 million children in our country under the age of 14 use the Internet. The older generation is also actively using the capabilities of the World Wide Web. What is interesting on the Internet? It is a world full of information, entertainment and communication. Many lack it in real life. Children start using the Internet from the age of 4 (on average). At the age of 12 years, about 85% of the younger generation actively use the World Wide Web for communication and entertainment.

According to all the same statistics, about 52% of children under the age of 14 visit sites prohibited for viewing at this age. This can significantly affect the psyche, the formation of personality and the future life of the baby. However, even without visiting such sites, children may face a different danger. Doctors of the country noticed that the younger generation is becoming weaker, less physically developed. Because of this, various diseases arise. The immunity of children ceases to fight independently even with simple diseases. The dangers on the Internet are varied. They do not pass by and adults. No one is safe from such negative influences. For both children and adults, various dangers on the Web are relevant.

Danger to adults

Many older people do not understand what's interesting on the Internet. However, gradually, our grandparents begin to actively use the benefits of the Network. It is the Internet that allows them to communicate with loved ones and relatives who are currently in another city or even a country. Here you can find almost all the information you need. And the older generation cannot remain indifferent to games. Young people are worried that their parents and grandparents may be the victims of scammers working through the Internet. About 52% of people surveyed expressed concern about this issue.

Many adult Internet users (about 53%) are afraid that their computer will be infected with a malicious virus. Therefore, people are afraid to open unknown letters, messages. They do not go to advertising sites and take other similar actions.

36% of adult Internet users surveyed are afraid of spying on them using the Web. 45% of people believe that there is a real threat of losing a certain amount of money. The younger generation is especially worried about this. They believe that their older relatives may, through ignorance or inexperience, become victims of scammers by sending real money to an unknown company. Adults, knowing what dangers may lie in wait on the Web, are careful. But children are nonchalant. It is for this reason that the Internet poses more threats to them.

What you need to know about antiviruses, online purchases, and credit card payments

Every day we go online - we make purchases, communicate with friends, work - and do not even think about putting our computer and mobile devices at great risk. Documents, a family photo archive, working correspondence - all this can disappear in one moment due to the attack of another virus. Adblock Plus COO Ben Williams talks about the main types of Internet threats and what rules to follow in order to protect your computer from malware.

Virus attack

The most common Internet threat is a virus attack. Because of it, you can lose information that you have collected for years on a computer.

To prevent viruses from entering the device:

  • Watch for regular updates to your operating system. If this does not happen, it is easier for viruses to find vulnerabilities and penetrate the computer.
  • Use antivirus software. They will eliminate many threats, suggest whether it is possible to visit an unknown site, and check files downloaded from the Internet.
  • Try not to give even close friends passwords from your personal account, bank cards, social networks, from work and personal mail.

Spam and phishing

Does your email inbox resemble a trash can into which everything is dumped? So, you have long been in the spammers database. It’s impossible to figure out the spam stream. In addition, viewing attachments attached to such emails is dangerous, many of them contain malicious code.

During phishing attacks, a message is sent to your mail from resources disguised as popular services (for example, banking). Fraudsters, on behalf of companies you know, ask for confidential information (credit card numbers and pin codes, mail passwords, services that provide government services). The text of the letter is usually provocative and encourages the user to respond immediately. Even if the information seems reliable to you, it is best to call the official support service of the organization on whose behalf the letter was sent.

To avoid spam and phishing attacks:

  • Try not to leave a mail address on shared sites (social networks, forums, in the comments).
  • Use multiple mailboxes for different purposes.
  • Never reply to spam. After your unsubscribing, emails can go with renewed vigor.

Annoying and potentially dangerous ads

Intrusive advertising haunts us everywhere. Everyone was faced with a situation where you need to watch a 30-second commercial before a YouTube video. This not only distracts from work, interferes with browsing sites, and conducting correspondence: downloading an advertising message on your screen (whether it’s a preroll or a banner) eats up part of your Internet traffic. It turns out that you also pay for this advertisement. Often due to the large weight of advertising messages, sites load longer. From this, smartphones significantly reduce battery power. In addition, ads may contain malicious code or lead to sites with such code.

Cyber ​​espionage

Spyware infiltrates your computer along with suspicious content that you download from the network. Spies collect personal data, analyze your actions, compile a list of frequently visited sites, browse search queries, and then send this information to Internet service providers. Such programs run in the background and, as a rule, are not noticeable to ordinary users.

It may seem to you that spies are harmless, but this is not so. They are able to disable the antivirus, as well as transmit your data to intruders.

To avoid dating with spyware, try not to install shareware programs on your computer and do not click on the sponsored links that open in pop-ups.

Sell ​​or buy online

Buying and selling online is convenient. But it’s dangerous.

Have you placed an ad on a popular site? Do not rush to rejoice if a buyer calls you ready to immediately purchase your product. He will inform that he wants to transfer the necessary amount to your card right now. All that is required of you is the details and a few codes that will come to your phone. The pseudo-buyer will disappear as soon as you send him a code word or password via SMS. Such a story will end with resetting your card account.

To protect yourself from bank card fraud, remember:

  • You can’t tell strangers secret information posted on the back of your debit or credit card.
  • For the operation to pay, the surname, name and patronymic of the cardholder, as well as the card number, are sufficient.
  • If you have at least the slightest doubt about the good faith of the seller or buyer, demand a personal meeting and do not transfer the money in advance.

Browser exploit

You open a browser, and instead of the usual homepage, a surprise awaits you - a site with dubious content. And if there is an error entering data in the address bar, it automatically redirects to an unknown site. If you are familiar with these situations, then most likely you are faced with a browser exploit, i.e. Your browser has been attacked.

To avoid changing browser behavior:

  • Do not forget to update it regularly.
  • Check if the firewall is working on your computer - a special program that scans data from the Internet and regulates its transmission to the device.
  • Do not download shareware adware.

Threats for children

The dangers on the Internet for children are somewhat different from the dangers for adults. The most common categories of undesirable factors for babies have long been identified by psychologists, parents, teachers and doctors. One of the most serious types of dangers on the Web for the younger generation is to receive unwanted information. This can be pornography, violence, drugs, gambling, a forbidden ideology and many other things. The children's psyche cannot fully accept the knowledge gained. This can significantly affect thinking, mental development.

The dangers on the Internet can be different. Young children can give out strangers confidential information about themselves and their parents. For example, it can be a name, address, account number or e-wallet. Children can also tell what time they are walking and where, when their parents return home, etc. Using the Internet, attackers can make an appointment with a child and communicate with him about inappropriate things. It is also not uncommon for children to make uncontrolled purchases in online stores. In some cases, there is a risk of a computer being infected with a virus. This is not a complete list. It may vary depending on the age of the child. Parents need to know how to prepare their children for such situations in order to avoid negative consequences.

Common threats to all

The dangers of the Internet to humans can be significant if basic safety standards are not followed. Moreover, some adverse factors when working with the Network may occur regardless of age. Both adults and the younger generation may become addicted to virtual reality. Today there are many games, platforms for communication, etc. They can seem more interesting, brighter than ordinary life. Therefore, adults and children can sit for hours at a computer or laptop monitor. At the same time, development in the real world can be inhibited.

Adverse dating can lie in wait for both adults and children. Oddly enough, but adults can just as confidently make appointments with strangers as children. Some scammers can take advantage of this. Another type of danger that can lurk in virtual reality for both adults and children is the use of Internet bullying. Confidential information, insults can significantly affect the emotional state of a person. At any age, such actions can lead to a breakdown. Regardless of how old you are, you need to be careful in communicating, do not disclose confidential information to the interlocutor.

Children under 10 years old

Dangers on the Internet can lie in wait for a person at any age. However, each user group has its own characteristics. Children begin to show interest in the Internet at the age of 3-4 years. In some cases, this is possible before. However, at this age, the actions of the baby are easily controlled by the parents. They can follow what their child is doing on the Web. But when they reach the age of 7 years, children are faced with the first adverse factors of the Internet. At this age, babies copy the actions of elders. It is important to develop the right culture of behavior on the Web. Children at this age are gullible. They like to travel to different sites, as well as play various popular games. Also, kids can use the mail, go to chat rooms. Moreover, children can show interest in banned sites.

Parents should configure the browser accordingly. They can also control what information the child watched. You can restrict access to different servers. Under the age of 9, there is a danger of online games. Children spend too much time at the computer. This affects their physical development and health. Parents should encourage outdoor walks, sports.

Behavior of parents of children under 9 years of age

Knowing the main types of dangers on the Internet, adults must take a number of measures. This will help prevent various negative consequences. It is necessary to develop a number of rules for using the World Wide Web. This is desirable to do with the child. The kid should know that he is allowed to visit only certain sites that parents approve of. If the Internet is connected to the computer, the equipment should be in the common room. There are controls to block inappropriate content (for example, MNS Premium’s Parental Controls).

Children should only write messages and letters from the general family mailbox. It is necessary to explain to the child what can happen if he decides to give certain information to strangers. It is also very important to simply communicate with children. It is necessary to ask about their friends on the Internet, to explain what a spontaneous acquaintance can lead to. Children should not talk to strangers. This rule applies to both the street and the Internet. It is very important that the child trust elders. If he sees something intimidating, threatening on the Web, he must tell about it. Parents should not scold the child for this. On the contrary, you need to praise the baby for honesty and make him understand that he is safe. Some difficult questions may need to be explained. However, this can protect the child from dangers.

Children 9-12 years old

At the age of 9-12 years, children begin to demand from parents a certain freedom. This is a time of rapid change. Relationships with friends and classmates become very important. Parental control in this case should slightly weaken. However, adults should not lose their vigilance. At this age, the Internet is not only used for games. This is a full-fledged source for transmitting and receiving the necessary information. Children prepare school assignments using the Web. There is a certain danger of working on the Internet. Children can download a virus to their computer.

Also, younger teens can download various music, actively use e-mail and other means of communication. At this age, preference is given to sites that allow instant messaging. Also at this age, children often have idols. Parents should prepare their child for the basic rules of using the Internet at a young age. Having reached young adolescence, children begin to better understand the basics of working with the Network. However, parents still need to restrict access to sites with a specific topic, keep track of the history of information search.

Actions of parents of children aged 9-12 years

Knowing the dangers of the Internet for young adolescents, it is necessary to develop the right tactics of behavior. The child must comply with the rules drawn up strictly. At this age, you need to give children a certain freedom. However, the computer should still be in the common room. You should talk with children about their online activities. The conversation should be friendly. It is necessary to tell in detail about the dangers of dating on the Internet. Also, you can not give people your confidential information. It is necessary to explain in detail what this is fraught with for parents and the child himself.

It is also very important to teach the child not to download any programs to the computer without the knowledge of the parents. They should not open doubtful letters. You should also talk about copyright. When downloading files or pictures, this is relevant. Talk about pornography on the web should also be held. This issue should not be left to chance. Otherwise, the child will not be able to adequately assess what information is real.

Children from 13 to 18 years old

The question of whether the Internet is harmful to health arises among many parents. With proper use of the Network, you can avoid almost all of the negative consequences. It is important at any age to pay sufficient attention to physical fitness. However, at older ages, children gradually get out of the control of older ones. A teenager is trying to assert itself, to gain independence. Parents should not interfere with their children in this. They should be there and help with advice. However, the obsessive restriction of a teenager in actions can affect the relationship with older relatives. It is very important not to lose the confidence of the child at this age.

Родители должны знать, что типичным поведением подростка в Интернете является в первую очередь общение. В этом возрасте ребенок не захочет делиться информацией о своих беседах со сверстниками и прочими знакомыми. У подростков много энергии, идей, но жизненного опыта пока мало. В этом и должны помочь родители.

Дети 13-18 лет активно качают музыку, фильмы. Интернет помогает в учебе. Communication takes place via instant messaging. Boys like rude humor, gambling, bloody scenes, hard games and pictures, adult videos. They are trying to sweep away all the restrictions. Teenage girls love to chat online. Parents should consider that at this age it is the fair sex who may not notice the threat when communicating with strangers. Friendly conversations with the child about the dangers of harassment and violence should be conducted.

Actions of parents of adolescents

The dangers on the Internet can lie in wait for everyone. It is important to use the Network correctly at any age. It is important to make a list of home Internet usage rules. You should put a restriction on chatting. With children you need to talk about their communication. At the same time, parents should ask about it as if they were real friends from school. You can be interested in the people the teenager communicates with through instant messages. However, an interrogation should not be arranged. The conversation should be friendly. Otherwise, the teenager will not allow parents into their personal space. Protecting him from trouble in this case will not be easy.

At this age, it is imperative to talk about healthy sexual life with a child. All the information that a teenager finds on the Internet, he can discuss with parents. This should not be something shameful, forbidden. Open conversations with elders will help you understand basic things. Do not let the child develop in this area by chance. It is important to teach children not to leave information about themselves on any sites, not to post their photos in chat rooms, on public sites. Having considered the main dangers on the Internet, you can take appropriate action to avoid negative consequences.

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